This article is part of a comprehensive series released as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Wellbeing: A focus on children and youth.

Note: In this section, ‘youth’ and ‘young people’ refer to people aged 15–24 years. Data presented are from the ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2008 (cat. no. 4714.0).


Of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth in 2008:
93% felt safe home alone during the day and 75% felt safe home alone after dark
69% reported one or more neighbourhood/community problems
26% felt that they had been discriminated against in the 12 months before the survey because they were of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin
31% had experienced physical or threatened violence in the 12 months before the survey
17% reported that they had been arrested in the last five years.

Law and justice issues have a significant impact on the lives of victims, offenders and their families and communities. For children and young people, the right to grow up in a safe environment free from violence and discrimination has been recognised internationally (Endnote 1). The Framework for Measuring Wellbeing: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, 2010 (cat. no. 4703.0) identifies children and young peoples’ experiences of the law and justice system as a major domain that can influence Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander wellbeing.

The topics covered in this article include:
Safety and security
Experiences of discrimination
Experiences of violence
Contact with the law and justice system
Other resources

Note: In the 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS), questions on law and justice were asked of people aged 15 years and over. Only a small number of questions about experiences of violence and crime were asked of children.


1. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights 1989, Convention on the Rights of the Child, General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, Geneva, .

This section contains the following subsection :
      Safety and Security
      Experiences of Discrimination
      Experiences of Violence
      Contact with the Law and Justice System
      Other Resources About Law and Justice

This page last updated 28 April 2011

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A little about page admin Kaiyu Moura (Bayles)

Now living in QLD raising her children on their traditional country, gathering food, learning the old art of building shelters, dance and the local language. For the past 20 years with her late Grandmother Maureen Watson and a dance group with 6 of her sisters Kaiyu travelled schools, festivals, events etc sharing the beauty of First Nations Culture through song and dance, stories, art, theatre, nursery rhymes, poetry etc and engaging all ages in different projects that inspire positive change. Also a poet, documentary maker, songwriter, artist, event organiser, media consultant, testing the waters of micro social enterprise by starting her own tshirt and sublimation printing business and with her own label, Kaiyu creates what she calls Freedom Threads.

After building their own home on Tribal Sovereign land, Kaiyu is now homeschooling and teaching the kids about making our own tinctures, learning about bushtucker and mushrooms, growing food, building with aircrete, setting up wind turbines, composting toilets and ram water pumps... Really learning what it truly means to thrive. This is our Group where we share alot of what we do

Kaiyu and the Tribe
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