Earthbag houses by Cal Earth

Nader Khalili’s students and others have been spreading the earthbag concept far and wide. Earthbag houses have been built in Arizona by Dominic Howes and in Utah by Kaki Hunter and Doni Kiffmeyer, and structures using earthbags have appeared in Mexico, Canada, and Mongolia. Straw builder Matts Myhrman has used earthbags for the foundation of a straw-bale dome, and Steve Kemble has used bags to create the first floor of a house in the Bahamas.

There is still much to be researched and experimented with until this technology can be considered mature. Current work by Cal Earth with the ICBO should open the door to many more buildings being created using earthbags. As natural building innovators continue to experiment by building with bags, many new innovations are sure to develop.

Joseph F. Kennedy is an architect, writer and peripatetic scholar of natural building and ecological design.

Cal-Earth: California Institute Of Earth, Art & Architecture
Emergency Shelters – Vaulted House – Eco Domes – Planetary Architecture
Cal-Earth Website

Build An Emergency Sand-Bag Shelter Home – 3 x A4 Page Colour PDF File: (Attachment is also located at the bottom of this page)

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What Is Cal-Earth

What Is Cal-Earth

Cal-Earth (The California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture) is at the cutting edge of Earth Art and Ceramic Architecture technologies today. Founded and directed by the internationally renowned architect and author Nader Khalili in 1986, it’s scope spans technical innovations published by NASA for lunar base construction, to design and development of housing for the world’s homeless for the United Nations.

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Cal-Earth is a non-profit foundation dedicated to research and education of the public in environmentally oriented arts and architecture. It’s philosophy is based on the equilibrium of the natural elements of earth, water, air, and fire, and their Unity at the service of the arts and humanity.

Nader Khalili’s Message

humans are members of the same body
all created from the same essence
if one limb is in pain
others cannot be at ease
if you are indifferent to other people’s pain
you cannot be called a human
– Saadi – (13th century Persian poet)

The world’s focus on Global Warming with its unpredictable future is happening while the world is trying to recuperate from the catastrophic central Asian Earthquake as well as the Asian Tsunami, which also happened on the anniversary of the great Bam earthquake in Iran. Tens of thousands have lost their lives – most communities wiped out in a matter of minutes or hours. The hurricanes on the South Coast of the United States have created an unprecedented disaster requiring great cost and effort to deal with. Added to this are the Central American hurricanes, refugees in Darfur, as well as continuous victims of AIDS who leave behind huge numbers of homeless orphans.

Emergency help has been rushing and criss-crossing the globe to find survivors – doctoring, feeding, crowding them into temporary shelters and relocating them. There are not enough tents in the world to shelter the latest Central Asian earthquake victims who are facing more disaster from the winter freeze and winds.

The greatest costs of rebuilding after the disasters goes to the infrastructure and human shelter.

The need is ever more urgent to build self-help, emergency shelters which can become sustainable, permanent structures and are more resistant to more disasters.

The accelerating rate of disasters in the world and the historical increase in the loss of human life and property, must create a sense of urgency for the U.N. and other agencies to pay serious attention to alternative ways of building.

There is a Sustainable Solution to Human Shelter, based on Timeless Materials (earth, water, air and fire) and Timeless Principles (arches, vaults and domes). Every man and woman should be able to build a shelter for his or her family with these universal elements, almost anywhere on the earth and other planets. These principles, interpreted into the simplest form of building technology have created emergency shelter which can become permanent houses, and which have passed strict tests and building codes. Since 1975 we have been dedicated to researching and developing this low-cost, self-help, eco-friendly technology which can resist disasters, and to offer it to humanity. The only missing link is to educate humans how to use these timeless techniques, developed at Cal-Earth Institute, to fit their own culture and environment.


Self-Help Emergency Shelter for Central Asian Earthquake Disaster

Cal-Earth Institute is ready to offer its help to Families, International, Governmental and Non-governmental organizations in the earthquake disaster region for emergency shelters.

Basic materials needed are on-site earth, sandbags, barbed wire, and human labor.

To the best of it’s ability as a small institute it will contribute its technology using the following methods:

1) Provide Distance Learning via live internet connection instructing how to construct the emergency shelters directly to relief organizations in the disaster area.

2) Provide training at Cal-Earth Institute to selected individuals in intensive hands-on workshops who are coming from the disaster regions to teach and supervise the construction of shelters. The training is based on Cal-Earth’s existing educational materials.

This emergency shelter technology can be used for the reconstruction of both permanent housing as well as other buildings and infrastructures.

Cal-Earth Institute is a non-profit educational and research organization in Hesperia, California. The Superadobe emergency shelter technology, which has been designed and developed by architect Nader Khalili and his associates at Cal-Earth Institute, has been built and successfully tested for California’s strict building codes. It is patented in the U.S. and overseas but is now offered freely to those in need in the disaster region.

The shelters and technology have been visited and endorsed by the United Nations emergency response in 2001, and recently given the 2004 Aga Khan award for architecture for Sandbag Shelters – see link for description, photos and video clip.


Reuters Alertnet: “War zones yield cheap shelter for tsunami homeless” (sandbags and barbed wire)

– from Reuters Alertnet:

” My goal is to use distance learning through the Internet,” he said. “If we could set up a regional center, we can broadcast building classes direct from Cal-Earth,”

” We can cut through the bureaucracy and go directly to the people … We could do it with a fraction of the foreign aid that has been offered to Bam. ”

– from the Washington Post:

” Bypass the U.N., bypass government, people can start building their own. ”

Dear friends,
We have been overwhelmed by your calls, emails and proposals and were very happy to see such devotion and concerns surfacing among Pakistanis. We apologize for not responding. It has become impossible for us to attend the avalanche of emails and calls not only from Pakistanis but other disasters.

Cal-Earth is a small non profit organization with great ideas and dreams and meager means. Architect Nader Khalili has given his full attention to the mission of shelter for the needy and disaster stricken since 1975. He set up Cal-Earth Institute in 1991 specifically for Superadobe, sandbag and barbed wire technology that he had designed to be the most accessible for humans around globe. This system uses on-site damp earth for temporary structures, and stabilized earth with a small amount of cement/lime for long term structures along with needed doors and windows, provided the necessary buttressing and waterproofing are added. The rest of the story is on our website, in the News Articles’ section.

Our not responding has been because we have been intensely working to help deal with these disasters especially with the emergency shelter for the great earthquake victims in Pakistan. And we are happy to share the following news with you:

1. A hands-on teaching site has now been set up by the SASI foundation in cooperation with the government in Rawalpindi and prototypes are being built which can be suitable to the local earthquake sites’ soil and conditions. Two of our trained apprentices are teaching and helping on location. We encourage you to collaborate, participate, learn, volunteer, and support. They are making the Superadobe bags available, while they are trying to set up several teaching centers in different regions.

2. To respond to this great disaster when victims are threatened every day for their lives because of fast approaching winter, as well as other disasters around the globe, we are focusing on giving more information about the Emergency Shelter with the Superadobe building method. We are diligently working to finish a summary of the relative section of Mr. Khalili’s unpublished, soon to be finished, manuscript, the Superadobe Manual, to be placed on the Emergency Shelter page of Cal-Earth’s website.

3. We are hoping to find volunteer staff to respond to the avalanche of correspondence while we are planning to do Distance Learning sessions to speed up the training, when funding becomes available. However, we have accomplished a lot with little so far and are confident that we will sustain.

We believe that your networking together can create a critical mass, to help the disaster stricken people and support the continuation of design and teaching, including Distance Learning, of this sustainable solution for Pakistan and other regions, now and in the future.

Iliona Outram
program director
Cal-Earth Institute

To help achieve Cal-Earth Institute’s goals please make a donation via the donation button.

Cal-Earth Inc. (Institute) is a California 501C3 non-profit foundation directed by Khalili, whose founding mission is:

“Research and education of the public in environmentally oriented arts and architecture, based on the equilibrium of the natural elements of earth, water, air, fire, and their Unity at the service of the arts and humanity”

“Every man and woman should be able to build a home for his or her family using the earth under their feet and integrating some features of modern technology to make their homes resistant to fire, flood, hurricane, earthquake and other disasters.” -NK

NADER KHALILI, Architect and Author

photo by George Azar

Nader Khalili, California architect/author is the world renowned Iranian-American Earth Architecture teacher and innovator of the Geltaftan Earth-and-Fire System known as Ceramic Houses, and of the Superblock construction system. Khalili received his philosophy and architectural education in Iran, Turkey, and the United States. He has been a licensed architect in the State of California since 1970, and has practiced both in the U.S. and abroad. Since 1975 he has been involved with Earth Architecture and Third World Development, and is a U.N. (UNIDO) consultant for Earth Architecture, the Ceramic Houses and SuperBlock Technologies. In 1984 the award for “Excellence in Technology” went to him for the innovation of the Ceramic Houses system, from the California Council of the American Institute of Architects (CCAIA), and in 1987 Khalili’s project “Housing for the Homeless: Research and Education” received a Certificate of Special Recognition from the U.N. International Year of Shelter for the Homeless and U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

Since 1984, Lunar and Space habitation have become an integral part of his work; his “Magma Structures” design, based on the Geltaftan (Ceramic Houses) System, and “Velcro-Adobe” system (later to become the Superblock/ sandbag and barbed wire system) were presented at the 1984 NASA symposium, “Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century”. He was subsequently invited to Los Alamos National Laboratory as a visiting scientist. He has presented papers and has been published since 1984 in several symposiums and publications including those of NASA, and the “Journal of Aerospace Engineering” for which he was awarded by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Khalili was a member of the team of the “Lunar Resources Processing Project,” along with the Princeton -based Space Studies Institute, McDonnell Douglas Space Systems, and Alcoa.

Since 1982 Khalili has been directing the Architectural Research Program at SCI-Arc, California. He is the director and founder of the Geltaftan Foundation, and the California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture (Cal-Earth) since 1986. Current projects include the Sustainable Desert Village and Hesperia Museum & Nature Center, the Rodeo/Arena for the Mojave Desert city of Hesperia, erosion stabilization of Hesperia Lake, a FEMA related project. At Cal-Earth he continues building and testing prototypes in Earth Architecture for inclusion in the Uniform Building Code. Recent work has been funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Katharine Tremaine Foundation, the Rex Foundation, the Leventis Foundation, Our Ultimate Investment Foundation, the Turner Foundation, and the Flora Family Foundation.

His five books were written while evolving these techniques and his philosophy of architecture. “Racing Alone”, and “Ceramic Houses and Earth Architecture: How to Build Your Own”, while developing the Geltaftan “Earth and Fire” system for building ceramic houses; “Sidewalks on the Moon”, while designing for the moon, a journey through tradition and technology; and “Rumi, Fountain of Fire”, translations of 75 poems from the Persian language mystic poet, Rumi whose wisdom concerning humanity and the elements of Earth, Water, Air and Fire are the inspiration behind his work; and “Rumi, Dancing the Flame”, 300 Rubayiat short poems of Rumi.

photo by George Azar

Khalili’s “Works and Words” have been widely exhibited and published in the US and internationally including the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and the Institute of American Indian Arts Museum in Santa Fe, New Mexico; and broadcast on national and statewide TV channels such as the BBC World Service and Voice of America. Over 100 hands-on workshops and lectures have been conducted in the U.S. and abroad, from Princeton University/ Princeton New Jersey, International Space University/MIT Boston Mass., to inmates of Chino and other prisons, from NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) / Washington D.C., Los Alamos National Laboratory/ New Mexico, to many Native American Reservations, the Eight Northern Pueblos/ San Juan New Mexico, and from children in South Central Los Angeles hospitals to the Universities of California, national and international universities.

Khalili’s architectural works also include: the design of a future-oriented community for 5,000 inhabitants for Future City/Villages, Intl. in New Cuyama, California in 1988 (prototype structures were built on-site, and pre-fabricated vault modules were built, fired and glazed at a brick factory); Malekshahr of Isfahan, a community for 20,000, which was designed and partially constructed by 1979; the Middle East headquarters of Dupont/ Polyacryl was designed and supervised, completed in 1978; over 100 projects of conventional buildings ranging from high-rise to single residence.

Geltaftan Foundation/ Cal-Earth: 10376 Shangri La Avenue, Hesperia CA 92345.
Tel: (760) 244-0614 Fax: (760) 244-2201

Princeton University/ Princeton, New Jersey
Space Studies Institute/ Princeton, New Jersey
International Space University/ MIT, Boston, Mass.
Carnegie Mellon Institute/ Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico
National Aeronautics and Space Administration/ W D.C.
Ohio State University/ Columbus, Ohio
California Art Education Assoc. Conf./ San Diego, Calif.
Ball State University/ Muncie, Indiana
Rensslaer Polytechnic Institute/ Troy, New York
Catholic University of America/Washington, D.C.
North Dakota State University/ Fargo, North Dakota
University of Wisconsin/ Milwaukee, Wisconsin
University of Arizona/ Tucson, Arizona
Pitzer College/ Claremont, California
Claremont Graduate School/ Claremont, California
California Polytechnic Institute/ San Luis Obispo
California Polytechnic Institute/ Pomona
University of California/ Riverside
University of California/ Santa Barbara
University of California/ Los Angeles
Southern California Institute of Architecture
Southern California Ceramic Association
Ojai Foundation/ Ojai, California
Institute of American Indian Arts/ Santa Fe, New Mexico
Eight Northern Pueblos/ San Juan, New Mexico
College of Santa Fe/ Santa Fe, New Mexico
Rough Rock, Navajo Reservation/ Arizona
Tsaili Community College/ Navajo Reservation, Arizona
Lindisfarne Institute/ Creston, Colorado
University of Baja/ Mexico
San Jose/ Costa Rica
University of Cairo/ Egypt
University of Tehran
United Nations (regional conference) Tehran/ Iran
Eos Institute/Laguna, California
American Institute of Architects/Los Angeles
American Institute of Architects/Inland Empire

Channel 28, Los Angeles, Public Broadcasting System
Channel 28, Los Angeles, “FUTURE” PBS
Channel 2, Los Angeles, a CBS Station
Channels 9, 4, and 8, Los Angeles
KPFK Radio, Los Angeles
Group W, Westinghouse Cable TV/ Sierra Madre, Cal..
KCST, International Channel, Los Angeles, California
Voice of America English and Farsi Services
BBC World Service, London
CNN News
Discovery channel
National Geographic
and numerous other newspaper, magazines and online publications such as

Institute of American Indian Arts Museum, Santa Fe, NM
Centre Georges Pompidou/ Paris, France
Museum of Contemporary Arts/ Tehran, Iran
Various Universities and Educational Galeries in U.S.

for a more complete profile, please search – Nader Khalili

“Hesperia Domes pass Seismic Test….Earth Architecture has made it to the big leagues” Victor Valley Daily Press

“We think this design has the potential of revolutionizing the housing industry! said Hesperia Mayor.” Hesperia Resorter

“Look inside the demonstration houses he’s built and you see spacious beauty. They meet all building codes, are energy efficient, weathertight, and so solid they passed the most gruelling stress tests. “- CNN World News

“The building was stronger than the testing equipment .”” – (Hesperia building official)
“People are coming from all over the world to Hesperia, California, to learn this simple way of building.” – (Hesperia Mayor) – CNN World News

“The buildings are cool in summer and warm in winter, probably the most environmentally friendly homes you’ll ever come across….. ” -BBC (British Broadcasting Corp.)

“To this visionary architect the earth houses… are the obvious response to 21st century housing shortages, deforestation, the energy crunch and even the physical sickness brought on by the toxic exhalations of modern building materials. ” – Orange County Register

” Cutting Edge Housing: In Hesperia Architect Nader Khalili is showing off his sandbag home… Malibu architect Eric Lloyd Wright, after viewing it said it’s just the kind of organic architecture his grandfather talked about, and engineering tests show it’ll hold up to earthquakes…”- Los Angeles Times

“We haven’t had people with this kind of vision since Frank Lloyd Wright died’, said Hesperia redevelopment manager….” – Victor Valley Daily Press

“A Hesperia Architect has seen the future of affordable housing.” – San Bernadino Sun

“His hope is to create truly low-cost housing in many parts of the world.” – AIA Journal : Architecture

“The Excellence in Technology Award, California Council/American Institute ofArchitects, went to him for his work.” – Los Angeles Times

“Without this spirit of pioneering no thoroughgoing changes can take place to create anenvironmentally harmonious architecture.”- LA Architect

“…Creating a city from the dust under their feet using a variety of earthen construction techniques.”- Automated Housing

“Making Bricks without Clay: Sandbags and barbed wire, often the materials of war, havebecome the building blocks of peace at Cal-Earth in Hesperia.”- Daily Press

“…a family should be able to walk to a piece of land and build themselves a homewithout timber, steel or concrete. Just the earth alone should suffice.”- Ceramic Monthly

“… a vision that could be of considerable value to architecture in development”- Mimar

“His architecture has a quasi-mystic character…”- Centre Georges Pompidou

“It came about because of the sun, because of the wind, because of the earth”- Permaculture Journal

“A revolution in the traditional architecture of Iran…” Museum Contemporary Art, Tehran

“It is cool in the summer, warm in the winter, water-and fireproof, and beautiful.”- L.A. Weekly

“Earth Architecture recieves a warm welcome from the third world to outer space.”- House and Garden

“Khalili is also at work on prefab ceramic vaults, modular units that can be trucked and linked together easily. And sometimes his vision goes much, much further: he’s worked with NASA on scenarios in which the moon’s soil could be melted, then, after molding, fused into structures by concentrated rays of the sun.”- Mother Jones

“A novel ‘magma structure’ concept presented by him…proposed melting mounds of lunar soil with focused sunlight to create a pliable material that could be sculptured into facilities …at the NASA symposium, ‘Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century.’ “- Aviation Week & Space Tech.

“Khalili’s perspective on lunar architecture provides an interesting and thought-provoking contrast to ‘orthodox’ scenarios.”- NASA’s Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, editor W.W.Mendell.

“…he draws from thousands of years of traditional architecture in his effort to build modern, affordable, sustainable housing…” – RAN/Turner Foundation – Cut Waste not Trees

“… in Hesperia, the houses were beautiful, well-insulated, structurally rigid, and cost almost nothing to build.” – Los Angeles Times

Lunar, Martian, and planetary Architecture

Click here for Lunar Structures Generated and Shielded with On-Site Materials


E. Nader Khalili

The accumulated human knowledge of “universal elements” can be integrated with space-age technology to serve human needs on Earth; its timeless materials and timeless principles can also help achieve humanity’s quest beyond this planet. Two such areas of knowledge are in earth architecture and in ceramics, which could be the basis for a breakthrough – in scales, forms, and functions – in low gravity fields and anhydrous-vacuum conditions. With the added missing link of the element of fire (heat), traditional earthen forms can be generated on other celestial bodies, such as the Moon and Mars, in the form of magma structure, ceramic structure, and fused adobe structure. Ceramic modules can also be generated in situ in space by utilizing lunar or meteoritic resources.

The traditional techniques of building without centering, i.e., leaning-arches, corbelling, and dry-packing can have greater applications in lower gravity fields, as well as higher material strength, than in the restricted conditions of these techniques’ terrestrial origins. At the same time, the “high-tech” heat-obtaining skills of solar heat, plasma, microwave, and melting penetrators can provide ceramic-earth shelters and appropriate technology for both developed and underdeveloped nations. Through understanding and utilizing the principles of “Yekta-i-Arkan” – unity of elements – integration of tradition and technology in harmony with the laws of nature is possible at many levels of microcosm and macrocosm.

Lunar base structures can be generated and cast, based on the natural space formations created by magma-lava flow such as tubes and voids. By utilizing existing lunar contours or by forming mounds of lunar soil to desired interior spaces, structures can be cast in situ with the generated magma. Either way, the upper layers of the mounds and the apex, consisting of unprocessed lunar resources, can generate magma flow with focused sunlight (Criswell, 1976). Ceramic-glass (Grodzka, 1976) and/or other lunar fluxes may be added to the main composite for lowering the melting temperature. Basalt melting point, 900’ to 1200’C, can be lowered to glass composites’ melting point with added lunar flux. As the molten composite flows with the low gravity crawl, the lava crust can be formed in spiral, circular, or multi-patterned rib troughs on the mound. A controlled flowing magma can cast single- or double-curvature monolithic shell structures. The underlying loose soil mound can then be excavated and packed over the monolithic shell for radiation/thermal/impact shielding (Carrier, 1976). Since high depth of necessary soil coverage over the structure is detrimental to both architectural flexibility and harmonious interaction of inner and outer space environments, the variable magma viscosity can be utilized to reduce the estimated 2-m thickness (Land, 1984) of the packed soil protections depending on material composites and attained temperature degree/time parameters. The viscosity of the generated magma and the packed regolith can counterbalance internal atmospheric pressure, and the semi-glazed interior can provide an airtight membrane. The pliability of the magma medium can present new dimensions in the creation of sculptured interiors for the ultimate functional utilization of the generated spaces. It also offers an aesthetic dimension, since the molded forms conform to human generic non-angular tendencies. The organic material of magma and the possibilities for ceramic glazing of the interior will open a new era in integration of the arts to scales unattainable for humans under the limits of terrestrial conditions. Magma materials, basaltic in particular, have produced agricultural soils and with suitable atmospheric conditions have proved to produce vegetation. Plant successions have taken place in magma-lava metamorphosis in terrestrial lava tubes and voids. Many examples of flora can be seen in old lava beds of the volcanic regions of the world. Similar conditions will be present in lunar magma structures when the temperature- moisture ambient exists for a life-supporting environment. Thus, common spaces of lunar bases could be designated as mini-agricultural zones that could both generate suitable atmosphere to sustain human life and provide supplemental nutrition resources. Natural lava structures, such as Craters of the Moon National Monument, can provide case studies in the design development stages. Research is needed to determine material composites, magma crust formation patterns, and span limitations.

Conventional structures can be built with magma in lunar base complexes by prefabricating structural members. Beams, columns, panels, and connections can be prefabricated with generated magma composed of unprocessed lunar resources fused with solar heat. Magma-lava solidified structural members can be reinforced with fibers or reinforcing mesh produced from lunar resources. The precast panels and members can be post-tensioned by tendons or fused with spot mortar composed of similar magma materials. Precast magma and ceramic members can be shaped to fit desired forms and functions. Lunar soil troughs and fused regolith layer form work can be utilized for casting systems.

The use of shielding ceramic tiles on the space shuttle points to the potential of ceramic materials for lunar and space applications. Ceramic structures of limited spans can be cast in situ on lunar sites; they can also be generated in space. On lunar sites, a centrifugally gyrating platform – a giant potter’s wheel – featuring adjustable rims with high flanges can be utilized for the dynamic casting of ceramic and stoneware structures. A mass of lunar resources can be “thrown” in the stationary center zone of the platform and melted by focused sunlight to flow to the periphery rotating zone and cast desired shapes. Known lunar resources can also be spun on the same platform to create tensile fiber; by integrating the two operations, monolithic ceramic structures with tensile fiber reinforcing layers can be generated. Double-shell ceramic structures sandwiched with space and/or packed with insulating materials can provide radiation, thermal, and impact shielding. Such units can be used singularly for lunar camps or combined around a common hub and/or spine to form a lunar base complex. The centrifugal platform system with its adjustable rim flanges can be utilized for lunar base infrastructure parts: pipes, ducts, and tunnel rings. Prefabricated sections for utility sheds can also be formed in single- or double-shell modules. In space, a centrifugally gyrating platform moving in three dimensions can create more variations of ceramic structured modules than is possible in terrestrial or gravity fields. Attached to a space station, the gyrating platform can generate ceramic modules in situ. The resources for ceramic structures can either be of lunar or martian origin or, in space, from captured meteoroids.

Lunar base structures can be constructed in situ utilizing lunar adobe blocks produced from unprocessed lunar soil or the by-products of industrial mining operations. Lunar adobe blocks can be formed by the fusion of lunar resources with solar heat. It is anticipated that vacuum conditions and the essentially zero-moisture content of lunar soils should significantly reduce thermal diffusity (Rowley, 1984). Lunar adobe blocks can be used to build structures without form work, employing the earth-architecture techniques of dry-packing, corbelling, and leaning-arches (Khalili, 1986). The low gravity field and vacuum conditions, which allow for a smaller angle of repose and enhance lunar soil cohesion (Blacic, 1984), will give greater opportunity, in the case of the leaning-arch technique, for larger spans and shallower vaults and domes. The same advantages will cause the soil-packed covering to follow desirable contours for more flexible interaction of interior and exterior space and solar orientation. Fused spot-mortar or lunar dust sprayed at fusion point temperature can be used to bond the blocks in medium and large span structures. Arches, domes, vaults, and apses can be constructed to fit the contours of the moonscape; these curved surfaces can create sun and shade zones that are functionally desirable. For functional or aesthetic reasons, total or partial interior ceramic glazing of lunar adobe structures can be done with lunar resources containing glass (Heiken, 1976) and other fluxes by solar heat fusion or plasma technology. The difficulty of mechanical separation of lunar dust can be solved by the bulk use of the soil at its powder stage, involving pre-heating the dust and guniting it on the structure at the point of fusion, The techniques of earth-architecture and the human skills that have evolved to deal with natural materials and to meet the historic challenges of harsh environments and terrestrial gravity can put future men and women in direct touch with the lunar world. Discovering suitable dimensions of blocks, techniques of construction, and appropriate material composites while developing their own sense of unity with the lunar entity can be the start of human independence from Mother Earth, creating shelters in the heavens. The organic growth of lunar architecture, with its own materials and equilibrium of elements can be used to initiate an indigenous and ecologically balanced human environment without damaging the heavenly body. On Earth, one of the main tasks of architects, engineers, and builders has historically been nothing but winning the fight against gravity; now and in the future, the chance for victory on the Moon will be six times as great as it has been here on Earth.

Locating a lunar lava tube may well be one of the first stages of setting up a lunar base site. Lava tubes can provide the most expedient and economical way of starting an indigenous lunar architecture. Terrestrial lava tubes are the best design model for exploring the development of appropriate life-supporting environments in lunar lava tubes. Either at the initial stage or in the following phases of lunar base construction, locating and utilizing lava tubes can be of great value. An immediate construction system for the lunar base, after the initial camp setup, can utilize unprocessed lunar resources in a non-mechanized construction system. This system uses existing rocks of different sizes and dry-pack techniques. The low gravity field and higher rock fracture strength give added advantages for larger spans of corbelling and leaning-arch earth-structure systems. Meteoroid and/or indigenous rock structures covered with lunar soil for radiation and thermal shielding can provide immediate, non- life-supporting shelters. Structures built with the same techniques can be fitted with an airtight fabric mesh for human habitation (Blacic, 1984).

The lunar soil, with a particle size of about 70 microns, which adheres to everything and chums up with vehicular traffic, needs to be stabilized (Carrier and Mitchell, 1976). Fusion of the top layers of lunar soil with focused sunlight can form a magma-lava crust to arrest unstable lunar dust. Spacecraft landing pads, vehicular traffic roads, and pedestrian walkways can be paved with solar heat by on-spot fusion of the top layers, penetrating to desirable depth. Unprocessed lunar soil can be fused by solar energy via a manual or automatic and remote control “paving” vehicle. Inappropriate regolith areas can be topped with a layer of appropriate lunar soil before its fusion. For low temperature fusion, lunar fluxes can be sprayed on top of the soil prior to introducing solar heat. Paving surfaces of heavier traffic areas can be constructed from composites fused to ceramic and stoneware consistency with desired colors and textures. As a general rule, it is the use of the universal principles of the terrestrial element of fire (heat) – the solar rays – that must be thought of at the forefront of mediums and materials for planetary base design and construction. Adhering to the philosophy of the use of local resources, human skills, and solar energy, we can achieve our quests on the Moon, Mars, and beyond. We must learn from the accumulated human knowledge of earth-architecture, which has sheltered humans in the harshest conditions. Each person going to the Moon, regardless of his or her work, must be aware of these fundamental principles and techniques to participate in creating an indigenous architecture to form their communities, not only because of economic benefit but also because of spiritual reward. As an old Persian saying goes, “Every man and woman is born a doctor and a builder – to heal and shelter himself.”

Acknowledgments. The Geltaftan Group, consisting of Manouchehr Sedehi, Mahmoud Hejazi, Ezzatollah Salmanzadeh, Ali Gourang, Ostad Asghar, and A. A. Khorramshahi, supported my work in earth-and-fire developments. Eyal Perchik, Alessandra Runyon, Tsosie Tsinhnahjinnie, Steven Haines, Ellwood Pickering II, Barclay Totten, students at the Southern California Institute of Architecture, have helped advance my research work.

Blacic J.D. (1984) Structural properties of lunar rock materials under anhydrous, hard vacuum conditions (abstract). In Papers Presented to the Symposium on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, p. 76. NASA/ Johnson Space Center, Houston. Carrier W. D. III and Mitchell J. K. (1976) Geotechnical engineering on the Moon (abstract) In Lunar Science VII, Special Session Abstracts, pp. 92-95. Lunar Science Institute, Houston.
Criswell D. R. (editor) (1976) Lunar Science VII, Special Session Abstracts (on Lunar Utilization), pp. iii-vi. Lunar Science Institute, Houston.
Grodzka P. (1976) Processing lunar soil for structural materials (abstract). In Lunar Science VII, Special Session Abstracts, pp. 114-115. Lunar Science Institute, Houston.
Heiken G. (1976) The regolith as a source of materials (abstract). In Lunar Science VII, Special Session Abstracts, pp. 48-52. Lunar Science Institute, Houston.
Khalili E. N. (1986) Ceramic Houses. Harper and Row, San Francisco. In press.
Land P. (1984) Lunar base design (abstract). In Papers Presented to the Symposium on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, p. 102. NASA/Johnson Space Center, Houston.
Rowley J. C. (1984) In-situ rock melting applied to lunar base construction and for exploration drilling and coring on the moon (abstract). In Papers Presented to the Symposium on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 2lst Century, p. 77. NASA/Johnson Space Center, Houston.


On April 19th, Earth Day weekend 1996, the City of Hesperia Recreation and Park District broke ground to construct the Hesperia Museum and Nature Center, the first of it’s kind in the world, legally permitted to be built totally of earthen construction, as part of the Desert Village, Rodeo/Arena and other futuristic programs in Hesperia.

The complex of fourteen domes and two vaults in earth and ceramics is designed by internationally renowned architect and author Nader Khalili, founder of the California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture (Cal-Earth), who has devoted the last 20 years to developing simple disaster safe Earth Architecture technologies along with his associates and apprentices. For these he has won acclaim from NASA, CCAIA, and ASCE, for his proposals for building on the moon and Mars and worked with space science organizations in the U.S.

The project was approved by the Hesperia Building Department in consultation with the ICBO (International Conference of Building Officials) after successful static and dynamic load testing for wind, snow and earthquakes on full scale prototypes at Cal-Earth in Hesperia. The extensive engineering analysis and design, and the tests, were devised by Phill Vittore, a world specialist in dome engineering and structural design.

The architect’s innovations of Superadobe (mile-long sandbags and barbed wire construction) and Ceramic Houses (fired in-place adobe structures) are seen as solutions to global deforestation by organizations such as the Turner Foundation and Rex Foundation (Grateful Dead) who have lent their sponsorship along with other organizations to work at Cal-Earth.

The United Nations with whom Khalili has built housing prototypes usimg these technologies see these as the answer to affordable housing worldwide and emergency relief housing because of their efficient simplicity.

The Hesperia Museum and Nature Center sets the most important precedent for building with earth in the American fast-track mainstream in a harsh climate. They will be built with standard contractors’ equipment and skills, by community participation, and by the Laura Huxley Teenage Program (Our Ultimate Investment Foundation) who sponsors teenagers at Cal-Earth.

The project demonstrates how, with the simplest of elements, Earth, Wind, Water, and Fire, and with the ancient earth architecture techniques developed in the deserts of Iran and the Middle East, and traditional cultures from the Native Americans of the far west to China in the far east, whole communities could be developed in total harmony with the environment.

The process which has led to the permitting and building of this historic project with the support of Hesperia’s progressive City Council, Recreation and Park District, and Building and Safety, show that the American pioneering spirit still realize a vision of the new century.

“Hesperia Domes pass Seismic Test….Earth Architecture has made it to the big leagues” Victor Valley Daily Press

“`We think this design has the potential of revolutionizing the housing industry!’ said Hesperia Mayor.” Hesperia Resorter

” Cutting Edge Housing: In Hesperia Architect Nader Khalili is showing off his sandbag home… Malibu architect Eric Lloyd Wright, after viewing it said it’s just the kind of organic architecture his grandfather talked about, and engineering tests show it’ll hold up to earthquakes…” Los Angeles Times

“`We haven’t had people with this kind of vision since Frank Lloyd Wright died’, said Hesperia redevelopment manager….” Victor Valley Daily Press

“A Hesperia Architect has seen the future of affordable housing.” San Bernadino Sun

“His hope is to create truly low-cost housing in many parts of the world.” AIA Journal : Architecture

“The Excellence in Technology Award, California Council/American Institute of Architects, went to him for his work.” Los Angeles Times

“Without this spirit of pioneering no thoroughgoing changes can take place to create an environmentally harmonious architecture.” LA Architect

“…Creating a city from the dust under their feet using a variety of earthen construction techniques.” Automated Housing

“Making Bricks without Clay: Sandbags and barbed wire, often the materials of war, have become the building blocks of peace at Cal-Earth in Hesperia.” Daily Press

“…a family should be able to walk to a piece of land and build themselves a home without timber, steel or concrete. Just the earth alone should suffice.” Ceramic Monthly

“… a vision that could be of considerable value to architecture in development” Mima

Vaulted House

The 3-Vaulted house prototype has been in development since the mid-1980’s by Nader Khalili to allow the maximum space, light, and interior ventilation, while using the traditional form of the vault. The spaciousness of the interior design derives from this pattern of 3 offset vaults which allow a maximum view through the house’s open plan area, and from the height of the vault. The 3-vault system can be combined with domes and apses, or repeated back to back to form a variety of aesthetic and efficiently planned house designs.
A prototype 3-Vaulted house has been tested and approved for California’s severe earthquake codes and natural elements, in the harsh climate of the Mojave desert (over 100 degree F summer temperatures, freezing winters, flash floods, high speed wind, and the highest US earthquake zone 4).
The universality of the material and design has caused these houses to be considered for the moon and Mars by NASA scientists interested in in-situ utilization of planetary resources.

“Earth One”, the prototype 3 bedroom Superadobe house is now under construction at Cal-Earth.

Some features of the Earth One house and 3-vaulted designs are:

View through depth of two vaults increases a sense of interior space.

The offest vaults eliminate the need for corridors.

Simple design based on repetition of the single vault design unit simplifies construction.

More vaults can be added at a later time.

Variety can be introduced through the placement of windows and other small elements such as niches.

Arches and vaults are inherently beautiful, especially if repeated in a series.

A two storey wind-scoop faces prevailing summer breezes for cooling.

The vaulted curve of the roof, combined with the sun’s path overhead, creates sun and shade zones which encourage circular air movement inside the house.

Play of light and shadow minimizes the need for decoration.

The combination fireplace and wind-scoop enhances both heating and cooling functions (also called energy tower).

To review and purchase the “Earth One” blueprint set with 12 page specification see the Cal-Earth Products page. Additional plan variations start with a 1 or 2 bedroom house and grow to 4 or more bedrooms by adding vault elements. Dome elements can also be added for circular living spaces, meditation room, performance or music room, courtyard, pool, water cistern, root cellar and so on.
The environmentally friendly design uses on-site earth (or any kind of earth) with 99% wood/forest saving in contrast to conventional building systems. It has non-toxic interior finishes, utilizes solar and wind energy for passive cooling and heating. The self-help system directed towards U.N. requirements, for affordable housing with savings in material costs. It can also be integrated with standard contractors’ equipment and pumps. There is design flexibility for interior layout and artistic exterior finishes.

Emergency Shelter

A spin off from Khalili’s Lunar/Mars habitat designs

Cal-Earth Institute is happy to humbly dedicate the following two pages to the overwhelming requests related to the latest series of disasters in the world. It is meant as a start to providing guidance for human shelter. Click here for the 2-page “Emergency Sandbag Shelter” pdf file. (Get Acrobat Reader) Cal-Earth Emergency Shelter Village Images

water in the boat
is the death of the boat
water under the boat
and the boat’s afloat
– Rumi

Natural disasters are human created disasters blamed on nature.

After a fire, hurricane, flood, or earthquake we immediately declare that this was a natural disaster, an act of God. Then we ask if we have insurance, or how soon will the goverment or U.N. come to help? And these are repeated and echoed in the media around the globe over and over again. But these are not the right questions. The right question is why did our house burn, fall apart, or get swept away? And when we have the chance to re-build it, why should we build it the same way and in the same place? Ultimately “natural disasters” are human created disasters blamed on nature.

The human impact in nature and its effects: pollution, deforestation, land mismanagement, the green house effect, and more, will undoubtedly accelerate the rate of disasters in the future. Added to that are the man-made disasters: millions of displaced humans, wars and human aggression and act of terrorism with its incalculable damage to human life and property. There is a sense of urgency to educate ourselves and our children to act more in harmony with nature, rather than insisting on dominating and interrupting the environmental process. As well as urgency to awaken to a new set of questions where we, and not nature or God, are to be blamed.

We must also prepare ourselves for the inevitable disasters. One of the best ways to shield against fire, flood, and storm may as well be with earth, water, air and fire. Nature does that itself. The equilibrium of the natural elements are the natural balancing acts among these universal elements.

To build simple emergency and safe structures in our backyards, to give us maximum safety with minimum environmental impact, we must choose natural materials and, like nature itself, build with minimum materials to create maximum space, like a beehive or a sea shell. The strongest structures in nature which work in tune with gravity, friction, minimum exposure and maximum compression, are arches, domes and vault forms. And they can be easily learned and utilize the most available material on earth: Earth.

Here, using a simple sandbag-and-barbed-wire technology, named Superadobe, designed by architect Nader Khalili, and developed by his associates and apprentices this documentary video shows how to:

# Use the materials of war (sandbags and barbed wire) to create a safe shelter in most regions of the globe as well as in your backyard.

# Utilize minimum amounts of purchased product and maximum amounts of the free earth under your feet.

# Participate in a family or community activity by building a shelter, or a sustainable community.

# Create a shelter with maximum protection against natural and man-made disasters.

United Nations Visit

In July of 2001 a visit from the United Nations headed by the Director of UNDP Emergency Response Division with his team from New York, participated in a Cal-Earth workshop for these Emergency Shelters; they slept in one to experience their quality. Their very positive response was recorded in the Reuters World News Agency article.

Cal-Earth Emergency Shelter Village Images

Superadobe Technology is designed by Nader Khalili, engineering by P. .J. Vittore, models of which have been constructed and tested for the City of Hesperia, California, Building and Safety Department, in consultation with I.C.B.O. (International Conference of Building Officials), in the forms of arches, vaults, and domes between 1993 and 1996. These successfully passed the California required codes for the models.

Superadobe is a patented system at the service of humanity. It is offered free to the owner builder. Licensing is required for commercial use.

The video “Emergency Shelter”, a documentary, is produced to be used as part of a set of learning tools developed and used during the apprenticeship training program at Cal-Earth Institute (such as the compass for the dome’s curvature, hands-on techniques, and so on). These can teach you, step by step, how to build. To learn how to build your emergency structure, you must begin with a small practice dome, a storage shed in your backyard for example, to understand hands-on all practical aspects of the tools and materials, after which you may have the skills to increase the size of your shelter.

By practicing to build the eight foot interior diameter dome we hope that you will learn how to shelter yourself in an emergency situation with some basic materials that can be stored in your closet or carried in your car trunk.

The students shown building in this video had never worked with earth before, but they built their 8 ft. diameter dome in a total of ten hours. They were participants of Cal-Earth’s apprentice course and were taught by a teacher. The students added niches, storage, plastering, and doors in the following days.

And in the following months Khalili, his associates and apprentices built many variations of small shelters each 120 sq. ft. or less in floor area which you can visit at Cal-Earth Institute.
Cal-Earth Emergency Shelter Village Images

Link to website:


Save the Kimberley

We are an joining forces here working to educate the public and support community in protecting the unique environment and culture of the Kimberley. The Kimberley is one of the world’s last great wilderness areas and deserves real protection.

The Kimberley is currently under threat with a range of short-sighted industrial proposals threatening the sustainable tourism, Indigenous land management and pastoral future of the region. Most pressing is a proposal to build a massive LNG processing plant at James Price Point (JPP) 50km North of Broome.
The Kimberley Coast would suffer irreparable damage both environmentally and culturally under such a proposal with all its associated industrial impacts including shipping traffic, reef blasting, dredging and pollution – all in the breeding and nursery area for the worlds largest remaining population of Humpback whales.
The State Government has initiated compulsory acquisition of Indigenous land at James Price Point for the Woodside lead project in a move that has met with outrage across Australia and the world. Meanwhile the joint venture partners Shell, Chevron, BP and BHP continue to have reservations understanding that THERE ARE ALTERNATIVES – Browse basin gas could be:
1. Left in the ground, or
2. Piped to the Pilbara where there is established industrial infastructure, or
3. Processed via offshore floating technology under development.

Save the Kimberley does not oppose development. Save the Kimberley supports appropriate development that looks after people and the environment of the Kimberley.


See the protest today, latest media coverage –

Search youtube or here is a clip from Tuesday – 7th July James Price Point blockade.wmv

Save the Kimberley groups
Send letters from the site

Get Up Grass Roots Action For Australia – 
Vote for our cause to get assistance from this group that gets results –

Heart Breaking News

[-o-] Brothers, sisters, grandmothers and grandfathers of the world unite to send prayers and support to keep the oldest living culture alive and thriving!

Hoping you are all shinning bright today as we are trying hard to here in Australia right now.  And I was dreading the day I might have to call on people like yourself to help.  The time is here and i have come to ask you firstly, have you been kept in the loop with Oz issues?  Man, it is with the heaviest heart i call on u to loan ur support to end the secret war on the oldest surviving people, their culture and their land.

I am a proud young mother of 4 boys who has been brought up in the struggle, feeling today like I’m fighting my way out of a plastic bag.  We live in a tin shed n a dinged up van in picturesque North Stradbroke Island bushland, without water, toilet, shower, with a generator on at night 4 light.  We know this is important to carry on in the footprints of our ancestors, escape the assimilation push and raise our children with the space to grow.  

My partner and I teach traditional dance every saturday to get our culture strong and connect back to our mother earth. The biggest problem is we still don’t know our language – 17 survive so far out of 250 languages, we don’t have a single bit of family support here now, most have passed on.  TV is making our children complacent, trauma from oppression is even destroying the best of us quietly and we are only living to an average age of 60 at most.  

It is pressure i feel, being among the first generation of my line to be free, all my mothers before were forcibly removed, abused daily and made slaves until they could escape.  I survived Redfern, a heroin habbit, loosing my everything- my nanna’s my mumma, her brother, her sister, my culture teacher and alot of young ones taking their own lives.  

Believe it or not we have the highest incarceration rates in the world, they lock us up for mainly cussing, swearing and we are too spiritual for that cold confinement treatment.  So alot of us suicide or are killed by police violence.  Still not 1 police officer charged no matter how much evidence, we c whitewash year afer year. Like in South Africa, hundreads of deaths in custody.  Well, since i was 5, i can remember marching and crying at lack of justice alot, it’s getting worse, i feel it.

Now as we speak they/forces of police are violently moving our elders and supporters from a blockade to protect our sacred Kimberly, this world renowned beauty is about to be turned up to make way for a gas line.  All through our country we have veins called songlines, our ancient passages with their special songs and energy; they carried us to where we were going and into the ages.  My/our nightmare is that this ignorant government will never acknowledge us rightfully as their ancient brothers and sisters who are kind enough to share our home and who carry universal treasures for a new conciousness of balance and harmony that served us for millenia, when it really was The Lucky Country.  

We are ready to reclaim this for the world and we believe we can depend on the good of man to help us call for peace to end this silent war. 

We alone may acheive peace in the next 50 years here but with global awareness because of the lack of positive progress here, people power and political pressure on a global stage will up show these puppets and free the people within their strangle hold.  We have alot of supporters worldwide, we love you all for thinking of us although you are thousands of miles away and need to get this message to them all urgently.  We stand with all people suffering and are praying each day for your freedom too.  I don’t want to let anyone just take away my mother’s tongue when some of us, against all odds are so close to learning our traditional language after a generation gap of non speakers like in Hawaii and our Indian families.  We will have nothing for our children if we loose our language and let them spoil our pristine water and land.  Our language is key to our wellbeing and survival as the latest research revealed shows. We already know it to be the heartbeat of the land and the law connected to all living things is also in these languages.

And secondly, would you be willing to send prayers of support to keep the oldest living culture alive and thriving, please?  

The least we can do is ask individuals to think of us at the time when you pray or join with us each morning to pray for a brand new day for all doing it hardest.  At 6am your time or when you open you beautiful eyes and ask to c the beauty in the day, please also ask that the people of the land be free to live in peace and harmony and c more beauty everyday where they are.  I feel we need a spiritual revolution to nurture spiritual growth, conciousness and unity especially now that more can see the crippling conditions that most are not awake to, so that finally after 220 years of marshal law in this country for example, we can begin our healing and continue practicing our ancient traditions to fix this mess. 

We are ready but are only 1 million and majorly disadvantaged by trauma of oppression and poverty, in a universe of billions.  Please help us to hold on to the wisdom of our ancestors and the land we are now the caretakers of, together, we can turn, turn this situation around. Leave us to one day live in peace and celebrate as 1. I ask of the oppressor’s why you do this? How can we look after anything when we are wounded like this? You know with your ignorance we are to be depended on for having to look out for your children now too, because you are failing even this.  

With limited money I feel like we are in a straight jacket as I watch old people being man handled by men in uniforms while they sit protesting peacefully against a 30 billion dollar project to destroy another huge part of us.  If you can do more than pray, please do. Come, organise buses, food & support 4 protestors, care for our elders still protesting in winter or even an urgent letter writing campaign. Please see links below for how you can be part of this global movement to protect our roots. I invite you all on behalf of the First Australians who are concerned for our land, culture and all of our futures.  We hope you see how this can be of benefit to you and your family as it is like an investment to make available a huge piece of the global puzzle.

Thank you kindly for you time.  Many blessings of light love and laughter for a safe and happy journey together into our new day.

Kaiyu Bayles & Family

See the protest today, latest media coverage –

Search youtube or here is a clip from Tuesday –
7th July James Price Point blockade.wmv

Save the Kimberley groups
Send letters from the site

Get Up Grass Roots Action For Australia – 
Vote for our cause to get assistance from this group that gets results –

Speaking an Indigenous language linked to youth wellbeing:

Australian Key Findings statistical information

Or check out our grapevine on fb, by becomming my friend, I can link you to our many interest groups.

Peacefully uniting to protect our oldest surviving people, culture and land

“The most powerful weapon on earth is the human soul on fire.” Marshal Ferdinand Foch

The invasion of Australia Australia’s forbidden word has been uttered at last. And with it is comes a new Aboriginal articulacy

The City of Sydney council has voted to replace the words “European arrival” in the official record with “invasion”. The deputy lord mayor, Marcelle Hoff, says it is intellectually dishonest to use any other word to describe how Aboriginal Australia was dispossessed by the British. “We were invaded,” said Paul Morris, an Aboriginal adviser to the council. “It is the truth and shouldn’t be watered down. We wouldn’t expect Jewish people to accept a watered-down version of the Holocaust, so why should we?”

In 2008, the then prime minister Kevin Rudd formally apologised to Aborigines wrenched from their families as children under a policy inspired by the crypto-fascist theories of eugenics. White Australia was said to be coming to terms with its rapacious past, and present. Was it? The Rudd government, noted a Sydney Morning Herald editorial at the time, “has moved quickly to clear away this piece of political wreckage in a way that responds to some of its supporters’ emotional needs, yet it changes nothing. It is a shrewd manoeuvre.”

The City of Sydney ruling is a very different gesture – different, and admirable; for it reflects not a liberal and limited “sorry campaign”, seeking feel-good “reconciliation” rather than justice, but counters a cowardly movement of historical revision in which a collection of far-right politicians, journalists and minor academics claimed there was no invasion, no genocide, no stolen generations, no racism.

The platform for these holocaust deniers is the Murdoch press, which has long run its own insidious campaign against the indigenous population, presenting them as victims of each other or as noble savages requiring firm direction: the eugenicists’ view. Favoured black “leaders” who tell the white elite what it wants to hear while blaming their own people for their poverty provide a PC cover for a racism that often shocks foreign visitors. Today the first Australians have one of the shortest life expectancies in the world and are incarcerated at five times the rate of black people in apartheid South Africa. Go to the outback and see the children blinded by trachoma, a biblical disease, entirely preventable. The Aboriginal people are both Australia’s secret and this otherwise derivative society’s most amazing distinction.

In its landmark rejection of historical propaganda, Sydney recognises black Australia’s “cultural endurance” and, without saying so directly, a growing resistance to an outrage known as “the intervention”. In 2007, John Howard sent the army into Aboriginal Australia to “protect the children” who, said his minister, were being abused in “unthinkable numbers”. It is striking how Australia’s incestuous political and media elite so often rounds on the tiny black minority with all the fervour of the guilty, unaware perhaps that the national mythology remains culpably damaged while a nationhood, once stolen, is not returned to the original inhabitants.

Journalists accepted the Howard government’s reason for “intervening” and went hunting for the lurid. One national TV programme used an “anonymous youth worker” to allege “sex slavery” rings among the Mutitjulu people. He was later exposed as a federal government official. Of 7,433 Aboriginal children examined by doctors, just four were identified as possible cases of abuse. There were no “unthinkable numbers”. The rate was around that of white child abuse. The difference was that no soldiers invaded the beachside suburbs; no white parents were swept aside, their wages diminished and welfare “quarantined”. It was all a mighty charade, but with serious purpose.

The Labor governments that followed Howard have reinforced the new controlling powers over black homelands, the strict Julia Gillard especially – she who lectures her compatriots on the virtues of colonial wars that “make us who we are today” and imprisons refugees from those wars indefinitely, including children, on an offshore island not deemed to be Australia, which it is.

In the Northern Territory, the Gillard government is in effect driving Aboriginal communities into apartheid areas where they will be “economically viable”. The unspoken reason is that the Northern Territory is the only part of Australia where Aborigines have comprehensive land rights; and here lie some of the world’s biggest deposits of uranium, and other minerals.

The most powerful political force in Australia is the multibillion-dollar mining industry. Canberra wants to mine and sell, and those bloody blackfellas are in the way again. But this time they are organised, articulate, militant. They know it is a second invasion. Having finally uttered the forbidden word, white Australians should stand with them.

• John Pilger’s film, The War You Don’t See, is available



Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are advised this article may contain images and references to the deceased.

#1 July 2011

Australian Aborigines Progressive Association

The Australian Aborigines Progressive Association (AAPA) – Originally formed in 1924 by Fred Maynard, a prolific member of the Australian Chapter of the Colored Progressive Association (1903-08). The AAPA was launched in April 1925 with a conference at St David’s Hall in Surry Hills NSW. It operated out of Addison’s Hall at 460 Crown Street, Surry Hills.

The AAPA held four major landmark conferences, amongst the many other undertakings Their activities culminated in a petition addressed to Jack Lang, the Premier of New South Wales, in May 1927, which called for the restitution of Aboriginal land. Their members had also written an appeal to King George V, which contested the power of the Aborigines Protection Board to withdraw Aboriginal control of reserves on the grounds that they had been granted by Queen Victoria.

The association grew to have eleven branches throughout New South Wales and over 500 active members. However the broad reach and vocal approach of the organisation alerted the Aborigines Protection Board to the threat that it posed. They set about a campaign to discredit the leaders of the association, attacking the credibility of Fred Maynard through a series of public statements. The association was also subject to frequent police harassment. Due to this harassment, by the end of 1927, the AAPA had been dissolved.

Today, the Australian Aborigines Progressive Association is recognised as the first United politically organised Aboriginal activist group in Australia.

Would you like to read more about this Great Moment in Blakistory …

Jay-Z & Beyonce Illuminate?

Hip hop/rap listeners have we been taken 4 fools or the ride of our lives?

Rumors have swirled for years that certain elite members of the black community are part of the secret order of Masons. The Masons are a secret society of brothers who recognize each other through a series of clandestine signals such as a special secret handshake and symbolism. has finally picked up on this.. That is what she had to say about it.

Now everyone knows that the Illuminate is a “super group” who is looking to stage by stage take over this world and make everyone else powerless. They are supposed to be Satanic and all those affiliated will give out subliminal messages of their links….. there are so many with Jay-Z/Kanye etc…even 2Pac complained at one point that he was being forced by the Illuminate to join…but he didnt want to…and shortly after speaking out he died. Check the video:

The question is: Why would Jay-Z. Beyonce, Kanye etc be affiliated by the Illuminate/Free Masons/New World Order. Why would they be interested in these young black people? Well the answer is simple… the best way to start mind control over the youth of today is through their most popular means. Music. Like it or not Beyonce and Jay-Z have been dominating the music scene for at least a decade if not longer.

New World Order Currency: The all-seeing-eye on the dollar bill. Below the illuminati pyramid/eye symbol are the words: “Novus Ordo Seclorum,” which can be translated as: “A new order of the ages”. Notice anything similar?

Now I am a Obama supporter as I previously stated but what if all this Black President ish is just a way of distracting us from what is really going on. Obama might not even realise it himself….look at how Beyonce & Jay-Z literally ran the presidential campaign and performed relentlessly to get the Youth vote and the Ethnic minority vote.
Here is what the rapper Prodigy had to say about Jay-Z and his association:
“J.Z. knows the truth, but he chose sides with evil in order to be accepted in the corporate world. J.Z. conceals the truth from the black community and the world, and promotes the lifestyle of the beast instead. J.Z is a God damn lie. I have so much fire in my heart that I will relentlessly attack J.Z, Illuminati, and any-every other evil that exists until my lights are put out. This negativity I speak of is an actual living entity that uses us as food. We must sever ties with it in order to see things for what they really are. This negative energy is created and harnessed by the Illuminati secret government and they will make you spread this energy without you even knowing it. But people like J.Z. are very well aware. He was schooled by Dr. York”

Tidbits: Jay-Z calls himself Hova which is short for JeHova (JayHova) meaning the God or Saviour. Rocafella is also an interesting name… one of the main Illuminati leaders is called Rockafella.

When a friend alerted me to the suspicious hand signals exhibited by rappers Jay Z, Sean Combs and NBA star Ron Artest in the above pics, the first thing I thought was that the handshakes looked like some ol’ regular hood greetings to me. But of course I was wrong, as the friend pointed out.

He told me he was positive the greetings held some special significance because he had heard that Sean, Jigga and Ron were secret members of the Masons. Well, if these Masonic handshakes are supposed to be so secret then how is it that non-members know what they look like?

Then I thought well, maybe the Masons is an exclusive down low club. It would not be far outside of the realm of possibility considering that we are talking about Diddy and Jay Z.

But it turns out the Masons are not a secret society of well-to-do homos at all. It’s a brotherhood of powerful men, sort of like a fraternity, who keep the power and the money within the society.

Members of the Masons are alleged to be such powerful public figures as Barack Obama, Jay Z, Sean Combs, Russell Simmons, Kobe Bryant, Michael Jackson, Ron Artest, Jamie Foxx, etc. In other words, black men with money and influence.

I Googled Masonic handshakes to see if there was anything to all of this, and what I found were examples of greetings that were difficult to distinguish from the normal handshakes, fist bumps and daps that you see brothers (and the Obamas) exchange every day. But who am I to question? I’m just repeating what I was told by the friend who has studied Masonic handshakes exhaustively.

I will do some more research on this subject and get back to you. And then again, I might not…

Information on the Web:



Check out the video’s on this Destiny’s Child Rumour Page, scarey!!!

Every time Bilderberg orders war, the guns begin to shoot.

Globalists Call For ‘Big War’
James P. Tucker Jr
American Free Press
Friday, June 17, 2011

Article follwed by an interesting discussion in progress.

ST. MORITZ, Switzerland—The secret globalist group “Bilderberg” called for a big war by expanding the turmoil in Libya into a full-scale conflict involving the entire Middle East except for Israel. This is a grim and bloody outlook, because, historically, every time Bilderberg orders war, the guns begin to shoot. In 1991, President George H.W. Bush followed orders and attacked Iraq in Persian Gulf War I. He lost to peace candidate Bill Clinton, who followed orders and invaded Yugoslavia.

The list is endless: Every war dating back to and including World War II has been ordered by Bilderberg. Although they did not start calling themselves Bilderberg until 1954, Rockefeller and Rothschild cronies had the ear of President Franklin Roosevelt when the White House baited the Japanese into conducting a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941.

Similarly, President Harry Truman was pressured into going to war in Korea, and then Lyndon Johnson involved the U.S. in Vietnam.
Johnson seemed to enjoy cruelty. The same draft law used in World War II had been revived in 1946, making all able-bodied men aged 18-38 eligible for combat. A college student could finish his degree but must then report for duty. As a matter of policy, LBJ said students could finish their entire education, including postgraduate work, before reporting. And no one older than 27 would be drafted. 

The result: Dick Cheney and others avoided service by remaining in college until the age of 27. So the body bags were mostly filled by young boys with no more than a high school education.
“It will have to be a big war involving several countries to advance our goals of a global economy,” said Keith Alexander, director of the U.S. National Security Agency. “But the pressure to end the war in Libya is non-stop, mostly because of that damn Kucinich.” He was referring to Rep. Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio), whose bill to end the invasion of Libya was defeated just before Congress adjourned for a week on June 3.

“But look at all the votes [148] he got,” Alexander said. “This is dangerous. Congress may cut or even eliminate war funding, and our soldiers are not even fighting.”

Bilderberg’s goal of expanding the turmoil surrounding the invasion of Libya into a huge bloodletting in the Mideast will be helped, they say, by their plan to maintain the global recession through 2012.
“The recession may keep coverage [of Bilderberg] down,” said John Kerr, a member of the British House of Lords and deputy chairman of Royal Dutch Shell. “Europe has many independent papers, but they go low-budget. We have made calls to Rupert Murdoch, still our good friend,” he said of the world’s largest owner of newspapers.

Kerr and the others were to be bitterly disappointed when confronted by angry crowds as their helicopters landed at the resort on Thursday, June 9. Most had planned to arrive Wednesday afternoon, after leaving their “cover meeting” of NATO countries in Brussels, Belgium. But frequent, heavy rains kept the copters grounded. Bilderberg traditionally has a “cover meeting” so, for example, outgoing Defense Secretary Robert Gates can attend a NATO session and slip, unnoticed, into the Bilderberg meeting. Gates addressed Bilderberg on Friday, June 10.

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Gates had said the same things to the NATO crowd he later said at Bilderberg, calling for more aerial combat actions by allies even as the United States confines itself to a backup role. Gates called for more effort by the Netherlands, Spain and Turkey and urged Germany and Poland to join the war.
Gates’s hour-long speech at Bilderberg was mentioned by The Financial Times. His audience, however, was described only as a “gathering of dignitaries.” He said the European NATO members face “the very real possibility of collective military irrelevance” as a superpower unless they contribute more money and troops.

Washington has frequently requested, “with exasperation,” that European NATO countries meet the alliance’s benchmarks for defense spending, Gates said and called the situation in the current campaign in Libya “unacceptable.” He said “the blunt reality is there will be dwindling appetite and patience in the U.S. Congress—and in the American body politic—to expend increasingly precious funds on behalf of nations that are apparently unwilling to devote the necessary resources to make the necessary changes to be serious and capable partners in their own defense.”

NATO has degenerated into a “two-tiered” alliance with the United States and a small group of European allies doing the tough jobs while others benefit from NATO’s protection without bearing a fair share of costs and risks, Gates said. “This is no longer a hypothetical worry,” Gates said in one of the harshest speeches ever delivered at Bilderberg.

When Bill Clinton, a Bilderberg attendee, was president, NATO became the UN’s standing army, operating anywhere in the world on the orders of the Security Council. Under the UN, NATO invaded Yugoslavia. Under its charter, NATO is a defensive army only. But the first weapon fired in anger was an offensive war under direction of the UN.

Bilderberg has forgiven Barack Obama for hesitancy about what is now “his war.” They understand the political delicacy in Washington but, as one said, “he’s a good soldier and he’ll follow orders.”
Obama was praised for doing Bilderberg errands on his visit to a summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Hawaii. A major Bilderberg goal of establishing a world government is to create an Asian-Pacific Union following an American Union, both patterned after the European Union superstate. Even as Bilderberg gathered, OPEC nations were following orders to keep oil prices pumped up to assist the goal of raising U.S. prices to $7 a gallon. While making clucking sounds about holding down prices, OPEC allowed a slight, momentary dip as a public relations gesture.

But Saudi Arabia maintains 3 million barrels a day of spare capacity. This did not fool Frank Verrastro, director of the energy program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, which is traditionally a Bilderberg collaborator.

“I think there’s going to be a lot of theatrics, but beyond that I don’t think it affects the outcome,” Verrastro said. “If OPEC becomes less cohesive, that means each country goes its own way on production.”
“All these countries need money,” said Fadel Ghett, oil analyst at Oppenheimer & Co. “They will produce as much as they can get away with without destroying demand.”

The French agreed in principle to subscribe to new issues of Greek sovereign debt to replace maturing bonds if all creditors do the same. The move could provide a way forward for involving private creditors in a Greek rescue program. But it falls short of a German demand for them to agree voluntarily on an extension of bond maturities. The French proposal echoes the thinking of the European Central Bank, which claims that a rollover of Greek debt, rather than a “reprofiling” with extended maturities, would be a good way for private creditors to be involved in a new deal. French banks are among Greece’s largest creditors.

But the German government reaffirmed its determination to persuade bondholders to contribute more to a rescue. They called for a seven-year voluntary extension of maturities.
Jean-Claude Trichit, president of the European Central Bank, told fellow Bilderbergers that Europe needs a “Eurozone treasury secretary” with independent authority over all EU banks to avoid further crises like those of Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain. There is no time, when a crisis erupts, for the nations to come to a voluntary agreement, he said, because such a treasury department would have to act swiftly and with authority to impose bailout actions.

There was modest attention to China and Japan, relative newcomers to Bilderberg. In response to the explosions in Japan’s nuclear power plants, there was talk of imposing global rules on safety inspections. On China, there was talk of enjoying huge profits by bringing materials from slave-wage countries in Africa to be made into finished products by Chinese labor (itself relatively cheap).The finished product would be sold in the United States, where unemployment rates unofficially exceed 15 percent.

Craig Mundi, a Microsoft executive, complained about China establishing rules that favor building electronic gadgets at home and selling them without foreign competition. Another who Bilderberg tried to hide by keeping his name off its “official list” was Bill Gates, a self-made billionaire computer nerd who founded Microsoft.

 Remember me


the nations of these regions will not cooperate, and are wasting their resources in the meantime. this is why they are a threat to globalism, and why they are being invaded and taken over. they will be made to mature, or will be destroyed in the process.

once there are strong enough footholds in the middle east, expect the nwo to focus heavily on pakistan, and trickle ever further south into africa. most of the rest of the world has taken their place at the big boy table, that’s why these slow learners are being targeted so heavily. they are in the way of progress.

jeff Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 1:49 pm

NWO Shill – God, I can’t believe your comments, and how much I totally disagree with them.

everyone has always known this was eventually going to happen. look at the middle east, what do you have? two religions, equally stupid and vicious, warring over valuable real estate.

Response – Really? I didn’t know this was going to happen. Also, what is your religion that is so smart and non-vicious? Also, who do they war with that isn’t backed by some country that wants to influence the region? Next

the nations of these regions will not cooperate, and are wasting their resources in the meantime. this is why they are a threat to globalism, and why they are being invaded and taken over. they will be made to mature, or will be destroyed in the process.

Response – Who won’t they cooperate with? Aren’t they and haven’t they been selling their resources to us and other countries? Also, who gives a shit if they are a threat to globalism? I sure don’t! Also, they will be made to mature? or be destroyed? Are you kidding me? Next

once there are strong enough footholds in the middle east, expect the nwo to focus heavily on pakistan, and trickle ever further south into africa. most of the rest of the world has taken their place at the big boy table, that’s why these slow learners are being targeted so heavily. they are in the way of progress.

Response – If you personally want “progress” and are such a “fast learner”, why don’t you let everyone on this forum know when you are shipping out to go over there and kick their asses. I want to know (with daily updates) where your unit is stationed and also how many of these “little boys” you have killed the day before. I also want to know how you wake up every morning, getting a chill up your leg, just thinking about your first kill of the day. Otherwise – Go Fuck Yourself!

BiGpharmakillZ Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 3:14 pm

I agree jeff. NWOshill is just that. He loves genocide, and doesn’t care who has to die, as long as it isn’t him.

A pathetic excuse for a human being like all the rest of them.

jeff Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 5:06 pm

Bigpharma – Thanks for the support. It’s nice to know there are REAL HUMAN BEINGS ON THIS PLANET.

I truly do love this world and its people. These people in the middle east are real human beings. They may have problems, but who doesn’t? If NWO Shill doesn’t respect them “playing with the big boys” then I have an alternative idea – kick them out of the UN. Personally, I wish they would kick us out. I didn’t vote for them! I DON”T LIKE THEM. THEY SUCK.

Has anyone even noticed that they have ASSUMED POWER OVER THE ENTIRE WORLD? SCREW THEM! TOTALLY!

Anyone in this country who aligns themselves with these people had better understand ONE THING. YOU DO SO AT YOUR OWN PERIL! There will be a day of redemption, and it won’t be pretty. FOR YOU OR YOUR FAMILY!

I grew up when this was a great country. I’m not willing to give that up, OK? If you want to kill me, then GO AHEAD! I’m ready and not afraid to die. You son-of-a bitches are KILLING the future for my little girl and……..FUCK YOU ALL……if that’s what you have PLANNED. I’m tired of it!

NWO Shill Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 6:26 pm

everyone has always known the middle east would boil over. my religion is the only smart religion- no religion. also, i’m confused… do you people believe israel pulls america’s strings, or vice versa? i can’t get a clear answer.

the people of that region won’t cooperate with each other, and for the stupidest possible reason. they are concerned with the final destination of each other’s souls, so they decide to kill each other. you don’t see that as base and immature thinking? and in wasting their resources, i mean they keep car bombing each other, blowing up property, setting oil fields ablaze, etc., for what? to demonstrate their piety? we don’t cut babies from the bellies of infidels in public squares, here in the civilized world.

the reason you should give a shit whether or not they are a threat to globalism is that we have a global economy. everyone is so afraid of a one world government, but rarely realize that the governments of the world are all completely at the mercy of the global economy. if opec dumps the dollar, the us is completely fucked.

i don’t covet death or genocide. i just want humans to unify, and reach their full potential, and i believe that those people who would deny this vision from their future generations have had enough time be selfish and myopic, have wasted enough time and resources, and must not be allowed to continue down this path.

stop giving their bullshit religions any credibilty,
and judge them by their actions, out of the context of the beliefs they hold.

you are all so quick to blame your “oppressors,” and so slow to make realistic, pragmatic, objective, critical, rational observations of the world around you.

FAUL McCartney Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:46 pm

@SHILL- You mean one wants to Save Souls, and one wants to $ell souls.. and one wants to Annihilate those that $ell souls,… 3 sides to every pyramid,, right?

jeff Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:50 pm

NWO Shill – I want to answer you.

The first thing I want to say is that I respect your opinion and that as a human being, I truly love you. Don’t get me wrong, I can disagree with you and still respect you at the same time.

As far as Israel pulling our strings, I believe that someone is pulling our strings. That seems perfectly clear. If it is Zionists or Martians, does it really matter? The fact of the matter is, shouldn’t we be pulling our own strings?

I am concerned with my soul, as you say. I don’t think that is immature thinking.

The idea that they are setting off car bombs or setting oil fields ablaze might have to do with being occupied. A lot like the TSA is starting to do in this country.

I have to say – your response is TRULY informed and very intelligent. I also feel that it is well thought out and emotional (in a good way).

When you talk about globalism, I have a real problem with that. I do not believe in it on the basic level, and that is because we as human beings are different culturally, spiritually, and economically. I’m not afraid if OPEC does whatever they want. Truly, I’m not afraid of much of anything. Anything that anyone does on this planet causes a reaction -it’s just a matter of seeing it and responding to it as best as one can.

We are being driven by fear into this one world government. That is not the only way. But we are being led to believe that that is the truth. Look at the truth. This paradigm of a one world government has totally fucked up EVERYTHING. These are the same people that everyone wants to hand the world over to. Are you kidding me?

And lastly – I agree with you – I want to make pragmatic, objective, and rational observations about the world around me.

I also believe that I want a government that is representative of the people, like our government used to be. If there is to be a WORLD GOVERNMENT, then fine, let it adopt the United States Constitution as its charter. How could anyone argue with this position. If we are truly about spreading democracy around the world, is there any other answer?

It also means though, that we are THE SHINING BEACON ON THE HILL. In other words, no more TSA or Patriot Act or Homeland Security. No oppression of American citizens………The End

Seal Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:55 pm

YOU have eyes,..but cannot see;EARS have you but yet you cannot see; A heart made of stone and lacking discernment;Hateing instruction, a lover of death are you satan.

Damn your eyes shill, may God Allmighty damn your eyes!

You deny the great ancestor’s messages through God-Allmighty’s Holy Prophets, Holy Scriptures, but then alikened to despotist, you hate all instruction, all acts of kindness.

You who strain a gnat and swallow the whole camel! Bastard, godless abomination, defecation and a menstrous rag are ye, to humanity;You never had it!

Mercy & love are far greater than all treasures, You are a lover of death, and a lover of your-own self-death. Your miserable corner in hell(Limbo) will be dark & lonely.

doberman21 Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:57 pm

NWO, actually I agree w/part of what you said in the 1st post.

Afterall, let us all remember christianity & islam both came from the same animal (in this case, THE SERPENT)… or the HEBREW RELIGION… which said it was okay to rape, pillage, steal, ENSLAVE & commit mass genocide on any population that had something they wanted: LAND, etc…. that is: anyone who was did not descended from JACOB (which coincidentally in Hebrew means SUPPLANTER & transliterated means “deceiver”).

But that’s about where it stops.


The Global “unification” eutopic dreamers envision can never happen… at least not without a messianic leader. How ironic that even siblings & neighbors can’t get along, yet marxists think we can BUILD EUTOPIA THROUGH A GLOBAL GOVT.!

Evidently ZIONIST PROPAGANDA has “dreamers” so fooled they fail to notice reality… EUTOPIA CAN ONLY BE CREATED W/BRUTE FORCE (or in this case a global police force. How do you expect different cultures w/opposing religious values to get along?

What’s Eutopia to the few ZIONIST BANKERS that control everything… will be hell for the subjects they rule. Just look to the 100 million + that died under COMMUNIST EUTOPIA… AS A RESULT OF LENIN, TROTSKY & STALIN.

Instead of saying NWO shill, just use ZIONIST shill, because it’s pretty evident to me where your “ideas” came from.

BTW: You must be aware where the Supreme of Humanity (who will make legal decisions for all of mankind under your globalist eutopa) will be located, right?

Ben Gurion (Israel’s marxist founder) explained in perfectly in his 1962 interview w/Life Magazine:

“With the exception of the U.S.S.R. as a federated Eurasian State, all other continents will become UNITED IN A WORLD ALLIANCE at whose disposal will be an INTERNATIONAL POLICE FORCE. ALL ARMIES WILL BE ABOLISHED and there will be NO MORE WARS. IN JERUSALEM, THE UNITED NATIONS WILL BUILD A SHRINE TO THE PROPHETS to serve the federated union of all continents; THIS WILL BE THE SEAT OF THE SUPREME COURT OF MANKIND, to settle all controversies among the federated continents, as prophesied by Isaiah…

Interesting it will be JERUSALEM… Didn’t some prophets predict the JEWISH ANTI-MESSIAH would make decisions from Israel?

I feel very comfortable knowing that ROTHCHILD BUILT & DONATED that building Gurion spoke about…

NWO Shill Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:40 pm


“Go Fuck Yourself!”

“I respect your opinion and that as a human being, I truly love you.”

“There will be a day of redemption, and it won’t be pretty. FOR YOU OR YOUR FAMILY”

“I truly do love this world and its people”



NWO Shill Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:46 pm



“you keep using that word. i don’t think it means what you think it means.”

-inigo montoya

at least give me this- instead of just preaching to the choir, i’m attempting to make others question their own viewpoints, instead of reinforcing them, whether it ultimately strengthens their convictions or changes their minds, i am putting forth a challenge that is not as easy as using your peers to echo your own beliefs. i am not a zionist, p.s. (see above posts).

FAUL McCartney Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:43 pm

Jeff,Nwoshill AND bigpharma,,are trolls.. do not trust neither. they are from the same cloth

jeff Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:09 pm

If you think I am a shill, then I have little hope for you.

jeff Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:17 pm

Also as I wrote below. You are truly an idiot.

NWO Shill Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:41 pm


emus Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 5:56 pm

There is absolutely no case against Libya. It’s based on organized propaganda campaign by the Zionist media. Obama is not to blame. he is a powerless man. he just follows orders from his Zionist masters. people who are leading a holocaust of Muslims worldwide right now wants democracy in Muslim world?

doberman21 Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:16 pm

Emus, you have too much faith in fairytales about US presidents. They are VERY MUCH TO BLAME… especially Bama (& the Bushies)… they’ve all WILLING SOLD THEMSELVES TO ZIONISTS.

In this case, Bama was raised to be ZIONIST BROWN NOSER by his skank whore mother-cum-CIA operative. From birth, he was dedicated & indoctrinated into ZIONISM/MARXISM. He serves his masters very well & has been rewarded for his loyalty.

Bama is commonly known all over DC as being a fag, as well as a crack addict. He & Rahmbo (the ballerina-dual-Israeli citizen) are FAR MORE THAN FRIENDS… & both have memberships at a Chicago gay gentlemen’s club. Bama’s lover from Trinity (whom he “hooked” up w/thru Wright’s “Down Low Club”) was murdered (execution style) during the 07/08 campaign & even the victim’s family & friends say Bama & the Dem party were behind the murder… Bama also used male prostitutes while campaigning for president… & one came out in a press conference to say not only did he & Bama “give each other pleasure” in the campaign limo… but Bama couldn’t put down the crack pipe while enjoying a white male sucking his mulatto cock.

Bama is anything but a muslim…. or a friend to Islam. His master is ZIONISM. That is GLOBAL ZIONISM, not Israeli nationalistic/Zionism. There is a huge difference.

Israel is just the “stepping stone” or what you could call a patsy… created by & used by THE INTERNATIONAL ZIONIST BANKERS to foment war & the need for world disarmament… to get the world to accept the need for GLOBAL GOVT. CONTROLLED BY INTERNATIONAL ZIONIST BANKERS (i.e. “fake jews).

Bama forged his pact WITH THE SERPENT!

truthistruth Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:32 pm

oh aren’t we special…first of all everyone is religious. its basically a world view…so you are saying that your religious belief is superior to everyone elses….how narcissistic of you…i might remind you that the greatest number of lives taken in wars and conflicts has been by the religion of atheism…you see if atheism is right then might is right and moral codes are quaintly outdated….atheists want the benefits of there not being a God but not the constraints…oh and by the way, if we are strictly following logic then God is a necessity…

NWO Shill Reply:
June 18th, 2011 at 1:08 am

god is a necessity-

show me your logical proof and i’ll gladly refute it

Fotozine Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 1:21 pm
These scum call for war but never risk their own scrawny necks. Imagine how good it would be if there was no war and these warmongering scum ceased to exist. They only want it to profit from arms sales and plundering of natural resources within invaded countries. Meanwhile folk sit blithely at home watching American idol and other crappy distractions. What a world!

Matzo Man Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 1:25 pm
A “big war” MADNESS will save the EU?
No, I think that the events set in motion for Greece are too far along.

This Keith Alexander is INSANE. He is Dangerous; he wants a war very badly.

June 17th, 2011 at 1:28 pm
STRANGE. VERY STRANGE. I dont see all the anti-war liberal wackos our protesting,




SEAN is on the Bilderberg payroll. Tell a friend today.

FAUL McCartney Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:52 pm

hahahaha…. your funny dude.. because what y0u say is true

June 17th, 2011 at 1:29 pm
Who is the most intuitive. Ask NASA.

FAUL McCartney Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:53 pm

or the NSA

Hammer Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 1:33 pm
It looks like they are following the script for Armegeddon. It’s sort of like Jesus fulfiling the prophecies. The only difference is, the bilderbergers aren’t Jesus. Also, Aaron Dykes is a good talk show host.

dhsn Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 1:35 pm
Perpetual war for perpetual profit. Add in lunatics who have always believed in murder for every reason and no reason, stir, and you’ve got a recipe for disaster.
But it’s not 2 religions it’s more like 4. The grandparent religion of Judaism, it’s son Christianity, it’s son Islam, and the ever-present Lucifer/Satan/Baal.
It’s not so much they are the enemy of progress, they’re a convenient bunch of useful fools/useful tools.

Leave it to Beaver Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 5:14 pm

truth I serve Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 5:27 pm
Well actually what I can see is they want to make a wide scale war in order to use the others to dissolve Israel and then wash their hands like Pontius Pilatus. The funny thing is that parts of moss ad help those who put them on the food plate of getting eaten up. And this tiny fraction must be controlled by brit intel .
Anyhow It takes extraordinary stupidity to help to finance wars , help the brits to built up terrorists in order to weaken USA and help former superpower England s to get bag their colony America and later on when every thing is in ashes former protectorates – just to
think that when there is the fire on in the whole Middle East that nothing will happen there
deserves stupidity oscar .
. Stupid sheep’s who feed the wolfs who will eat them up using the others at the end. Alex Jones must see it and many wisdom people to. It is even written in the revelation bocks. I don’t fear to speak out the truth because human mind can be very protective and very very strong .
Everything is focus that we don’t see how strong is our mind and that when we are good can prevent stuff. This elites fear that. Not money makes power.
The mind is the secret.
Alex Jones is the warning voice driven by inner peace and I never even one listen that he made racial comments or was disrespectful against other religions. Him, HIS MOVEMENT – ALL THOSE WHO SAY NO TO WAR and fema camps are on right side of history. We will win. I am sure of that 100 percent.
liberty will be recovered .no nwo – but liberty and peace.
In internet times it seems to be clear for humankind that not American people are to blame they were intrigued into wars and their Intel is taken over. And false flag terrorism serves of making road for total control of masses and totalitarism. The osama they killed was someone else – other ears fingers, all hoax and this anwar al awlaki is some framer boy who had many interesting contacts during human studies at university and was already invited in pentagon.
But since republications tock over there will be a u turn – tea party is the winner movement. There will be no now and I see America will go out from it with two punches in the eye.
The rest betters sooner than better sits with the winner movement on one table and does not serve the wolfs who same like third Reich planning here very big. but I have great expectations that eventually secrets of satanic rituals are released soon involving high rang politicians and their intriguing games to black mail American politicians into treason and that eventually before things run hot public eye will be getting new information’s about the dead of late princess Diana who was a defender of peace tolerance and definitely not opposed to America under sharp optics even a tea party girl.i don’t doubt – a few hard core texas boys still can very much.
Best candidate from my optics in libertarian Ron Paul. Even so there is not to much focus on him thanks to Gestapo like controlled main stream press – he speaks truth. The guy has peace in his heart, stands for life and not for taking it and is a hope to make things return into balance and he looks to me like he does not dance and won’t sell out independence declaration all the other candidates with exception of Sarah Palin who can be good as vize president and Mit Romney who is very presidential and seems to be ok and clear and good person – the rest are out of cuestion and are already bought by them- even the other woman candidate Bachmann – some soft player who will dance like they tell here an nwo framer puppet I can feel that . sarah palin might not know everything but she is sincere and not a traitor
and my very best wishes to alex jones

I pray every day that you are save and sound

jeff Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 5:53 pm
Truth I Serve – God Bless You

There are many Americans that believe as you do! I DO!

Please don’t think bad of all of us. We’re trying to wake people up. It’s not going as well as we would like, but we’re trying. Please pray for us, as we will pray for you.

Again – God bless you and yours!

jlynch2 Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 6:05 pm
All the US citizens have to do, in order to stop these totally destructive foreign wars, is vote for Ron Paul. He is an honorable veteran, a faithful husband and family man, so consistent as to make one question his Humanity, totally against the true enemies of the US (the Federal Reserve and atheist NWO leftists), actually had a real job that he worked very hard at (baby doctor), is unapproachable with regards to honor and integrity, intelligent in the ways of history and financial matters, and ANTI_WAR! The only reason the typical US citizen votes against Ron Paul is because they are PRO-WAR (and atheist, communist, etc…).

Will people wake up to the fact that US citizens are pro-war in general, which means that they approve of murdering, raping, and pillaging other countries in order to maintain their plastic lifestyle. This is what you get when 80% of the population follows a philosophy invented by the self chosen people (Christianity). The typical US citizen is fat, lazy, ugly, perverse, dishonest, cowardly, atheist, narcissist, and completely full of s%*t.

Americans fully deserve who they elect and continually re-elect, because these most low forms of life (politicians) truly represent what Americans are really all about. After the self chosen people make the US attack Syria and Iran this Fall (or earlier), the full scale Hydrogen Bomb war with Russia and China will ensue, which will eradicate billions of Humans, and probably result in the extinction of all Human life within less than one hundred years. It makes you wonder what brand of airplane glue the Bilderbergers are snorting these daze.

jeff Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 6:26 pm
jlynch2 – WOW

Are you kidding me? Americans are pro-war in general? Blame it on Christianity?

Your first paragraph was correct on the Ron Paul part, so don’t get me wrong. But than you went WAY OFF THE RESERVATION. Let me help. Most of the people ONLY LISTEN OR WATCH the mainstream media. They are the ones that deserve your righteous indignation, the MSM.

All you say after that is probably true. There are many GOOD PEOPLE in this country who are being deceived. I don’t doubt that. But keep your indignation towards the EVIL ONES, not the uninformed ones. There’s a big difference!

FAUL McCartney Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 7:58 pm

BE STRONG JEFF. if you see Sun-glassed people staring at you.. STARE AT THEM BACK WITH no sunglasses SHOW NO FEAR.. that scares the shit out of them.. especially when they have their Global Gang Graffiti on their cars… a.k.a FREEMASONS

jeff Reply:
June 17th, 2011 at 8:15 pm

You are truly an idiot.

jlynch2 Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 7:14 pm
Please excuse me, but if it looks like a dog, smells like a dog, and wags its tail when you pet it or give it a snack, it is a dog! The citizens of the US mostly all had access to the internet for at least the past four years, and who did they nominate: bomb Iran and start WWIII now McPain; and bomb Pakistan and start WWIII soon OBombya. They gave consistent anti-war proponents Dennis Kucinich 1% of the Democrat vote and Ron Paul 9% of the Republican vote.

What is someone, with any sense of realism based upon observation, supposed to deduce? So there is a very small percentage of US citizens capable of free thought and the ability to read, analyze, and reason, so what? My statements reflect what the majority of US citizens are perceived to be; please remember that only 80% of America is Christian brain washed.

Europeans used to believe the very simple fact that they were created by the Sun and Earth. Consider the simple scientific fact that the Sun and Earth are billions of years old, and Humanity is maybe a few million years old, and please do not discuss space ships or some other BS. If you accept the concept of something never being created out of nothing, then you also have to conclude that the Sun and Earth possess (super) consciousness and Free Will, since their creation (Humanity) does.

However, Western society has lost their Pantheist ways, and now believes fairy tales propagated by the self chosen people, who also happen to have brought US all to the precipice of self destruction. Go ahead and deny what you see, because that is what allows the self chosen people, who are just 2% of the total population, to control the rest of the population. Bend over and accept their wisdom, while they drain your life blood and soul.

labrat1 Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 8:54 pm
jlynch 2: You say 80% of Americans are Christians, and then say they are fat, lazy, ugly, and atheistic? Many of us are hard working, hard playing, good looking, and independent! Do you think that this country became the economic powerhouse of the world, by sitting on our butts?
By the way, I am weary of all the talk of how China will soon be the #1 producer in the world. How do you think it got that way? It still depends on the American consumer for its very existence. Don’t blame us for this turn of events, as we were sold out by our Judas politicians. Maybe if we ever get our industry back, we will use it more wisely, and produce the things we need to survive comfortably, and not so much worthless junk.
I am a “Green” Christian and believe the LORD, when he says that he is the living GOD, or the GOD of that which is alive. He has many times revealed himself to be the GOD of the organic, and not the synthetic. All the same, we do not make the mistake of worshiping him as nature, but rather as the designer or creator of nature! The sun does not think! The one who made it however does. You seem to be a thoughtful man, and I’m sure you think that what you say is wise. After all an enlightened person rises above the mythology, and is rational, right? That is the same rationale that the Illuminate believe in. I’ll put my money on the LORD. I am reluctant to mention his name here, because I don’t like his name, being vilified or denigrated by those who cannot see! I see that many like to blame much of the worlds problems, on religion. {Mao, and Stalin were atheists, and they had no compunctions about slaughtering millions of their fellow human beings,} However, what the critics of religion fail to understand is, that people who are sincerely Christians, and not in name only, do not practice these hypocrisies. Take a look around, do you actually think that this all came about by itself? I hope you will reconsider, as a wise man I’m sure that you are not too established in your opinions, to evolve and still search for the truth. I have read many authors, such Karl Marx, Adolph Hitler, Thomas Jefferson ,and many more. I have studied Buddhism, Hinduism, Scientology, Judaism, and some things about Islam. I realize that many horrible acts have been committed in the name of religion, but not by those who were sincere believers. I have after all my research, and life experiences come to believe in JESUS CHRIST. The one thing about Christianity that draws me towards it, is that it is found with the heart, and not the brain. The rest is just mental masturbation! I do not wish to offend you, nor am I offended by you. I am sure you mean well. For what it is worth there is much that you are right about. I would however hope, that you can be more circumspect, when it comes to how you craft your criticisms.
Isn’t it odd, that these conversations, frequently come around to religion. This is no accident you know, but a manifestation of an inevitable truth. Like it or not, this world is in a spiritual crisis, and it must be solved by understanding this inescapable truth. I am sure that this will more or less agitate many of my fellow subscribers, and for that I am truly sorry.
P.S. watch EXPELLED by Ben Stein, he is a very smart man, and he believes in intelligent design. There is much scientific evidence that leads one to see the truth of my assertions. As always, NOTHING BUT LOVE!

JailBanksters Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 10:25 pm
It doesn’t surprise me in the Least, “Except Israel”
The most Influential Members are either Jewish or Jewish Sympathisers.
So yeah, lets get every country that is NOT Israel to fight against each other.
Sounds like a Plan, I’ll just call me ol’ mate Hillary and she can get the ball rolling.

Ford Prefect Says: 
June 17th, 2011 at 11:28 pm
I just ate an entire bag of Smartfood popcorn, and have figured everything out. It’s way worse then all of you suspect.

GrowABrain Says: 
June 18th, 2011 at 12:04 am
Judging by the posts here, it looks like the Globalists have already won. Religious conflict has always been a powerful tool in destabilizing any region anywhere. People naturally fight for what they believe to be true and rarely compromise when it comes to their faith (or lack of faith).
Distractions of other kinds work too (the “race” card), but none as powerful as getting people to fight over faith.

darrenobi Says: 
June 18th, 2011 at 12:13 am
all opinions are relevent but you all miss the point.
to see the the truth one must know the lie.
the NWO and there global wars are distractions.
They build there underground cities not to escape disaster but to avoid the lynch mobs.
The euro zone was set up to fail, to push people into violence, more souls for the dark side.
More wars and more energy for there masters.
More division the better for them, becareful what you draw from religous texts, anything that hints at division no matter what it is , is there agenda.
I live in a place/country where most despise war and violence.
If you are born in a place full of violence and those that seek war, maybe it reflects the lesson you need to learn.
The wave approaches the chaos across our solar system increases.
The chaos on earth grows both natural and man made.
Violence hate and anger are the road to the darkside,fear.
In a waking dream my spirit guides told me not to fear even in death you will particapate in the awakening, they can only kill the physical body, your soul is yours.
Unless you give it away thru fear.
The elite live in fear, Why?
because they will lose the earth and there control of it,and they know it.
Only evil seeks control.
Remember the ultimate state of negative consciousness is WISHFULL THINKING.
Comet elenin has been sent to lead the way for the wave, its first target will be the control system operating from saturn thru the moon, see the effects its had on saturn (satan).
The unseen evil enemy knows its days are numbered.
Half the people will die from there planned eugenics, or possibly they will ascend to a new plane of energy and reality beyond there control.
better to convince people now while there still vulnerable that they will always controll you.
Life is about lessons thats why you experience these realities, to evolve.
Let the unseen evil play there childish games because its a zero sum game.
they lose either way.
They are not the masters of the universe just the next level.
unconditional love is about respecting all and loving all wether good or evil.
Service to others understands that events must run there course no matter what the out come.
Let go of your fear, only evil lives in fear.

GFB Says: 
June 18th, 2011 at 1:20 am
How are they going to have a major war and NOT involve Israel.Are they crazy?Well we know they are crazy.Israel will be wiped off the map.

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I bet u thought u were safe from interventions harm…wrong

Budget – New participation measures for long-term unemployed, jobless families, teen parents and people with disability, income management trials.

*** E & OE – Proof only ***

MADONNA KING: Now under this week’s Budget there are big changes to the way welfare is handed out and it’s teenage parents in Logan and Rockhampton who will really feel the heat first. They are two of ten disadvantaged communities to trial the Government’s welfare to work policies. One trial will see parenting payments frozen to young mums and dads if they don’t complete Year 12 or look for a job. Another involves income management where families considered at risk could have up to half their Centrelink payments set aside to buy the basics. Jenny Macklin is the Federal Minister for Families, Housing and Community Services. Good morning.

JENNY MACKLIN: Good morning Madonna.

MADONNA KING: Logan is one of ten communities for two of these trials. It’s one of only five for another. What makes Logan stand out for something like this?

JENNY MACKLIN: It has a particularly high unemployment rate. I am sure your listeners in Brisbane would be aware that the unemployment rate in Logan is around twice that for the average for the rest of the country. So what we really do want to do is work very closely with those people, teenage parents, single parents, people who have been long term unemployed in the Logan area get back to work.

MADONNA KING: Let’s go through some of those. So what is the unemployment rate in Logan?


MADONNA KING: And is there any breakdown on what category that is? Is it older workers, is it young people?

JENNY MACKLIN: I don’t have the breakdown with me but I can certainly get that for you.

MADONNA KING: Let’s look first at the help teenage parents to finish school. How about work, what do they have to do?

JENNY MACKLIN: Well what they have to do is first of all when their baby is six months old, they need to go to Centrelink and start talking with Centrelink about a participation plan that will apply when their child reaches twelve months old. And the focus of the plan for these young parents will be on getting them back to school, making sure that they’ve got the skills that they need so that when their child is going to school itself then the parent will be able to go to work.

MADONNA KING: So if they don’t comply what happens?

JENNY MACKLIN: The normal Centrelink rules will apply if people don’t attend these compulsory interviews then their payments will be suspended until they engage with Centrelink.

MADONNA KING: If a nineteen year old or a seventeen year old has a twelve month old child and you want them to go back to school, who looks after their child?

JENNY MACKLIN: The vast majority of their child care payments will be met so we recognise that providing child care and also very substantial child care assistance is necessary, so that will be made available.

MADONNA KING: And are their spots, do you know, for their children to fill in these child care centres?

JENNY MACKLIN: Well there’s certainly since we put this policy out, there have been many child care centres come out indicating that they do have vacancies. We know that it’s important that teen parents are able to find a child care place and we’ll make sure that they can afford that place.

MADONNA KING: It’s not just young parents, another trial targets parents who have been on income support for at least two years, just explain what that entails.

JENNY MACKLIN: It’s a similar approach so for parents who have been on income support for more than two years they will also be required to come into Centrelink, work through the issues that are relevant to them. What they will need to do in the early years of their children’s lives is to really focus on the health and early development of their children. So make sure their children are getting the health checks they should be getting, getting them into pre-school, getting them ready for school. And from the time the parent’s youngest child turns four, the parent will be required to start getting themselves ready to go back to work.

MADONNA KING: And they can also see their payments stopped?

JENNY MACKLIN: If they don’t attend the workshops or they don’t attend the interviews. These are normal Centrelink rules. They’re no different from what everybody has to do.

MADONNA KING: Are their jobs waiting for them in Logan to apply for?

JENNY MACKLIN: Well there are certainly jobs in Brisbane and I think you’d be aware that across Brisbane there are many, many jobs going and what we want to do is make sure that those families, especially families with young children can see a way to getting a job. It will be better for them and better for their children.

MADONNA KING: All right. These many, many jobs vacant in Brisbane, where are they?

JENNY MACKLIN: I think you’d be aware that the unemployment rate across Brisbane is much lower than it is in Logan and so what we’re trying to do (interrupted)

MADONNA KING: But it still doesn’t mean there’s a lot of vacancies. Certainly each day I’m hearing from people, particularly in their forties, unable to get a job in Brisbane.

JENNY MACKLIN: And we’re talking here about a lot of young people who might have young children but we want to make sure that they don’t face a life on unemployment benefits, or the single parent payments. We want to make sure that they’ve got the chance to get an education and then get a job.

MADONNA KING: And you’re sure those jobs do exist?

JENNY MACKLIN: Well they certainly do exist for people who have a decent education and that’s why helping young people finish their education, making sure that jobless families get the chance to improve their own education, and get their children into preschool will mean that the families and the children will be better off.

MADONNA KING: There’s also income management trials, who’ll qualify for that and how does that work Minister?

JENNY MACKLIN: The way it works is similar to the way it’s been operating in Western Australia for a couple of years now. So if the child protection authorities in Queensland recommend that there are parents in the Logan area or in Rockhampton would benefit from income management then they can recommend that to Centelink. So what that will mean is that up to 70% of a parent’s welfare payments can be income managed and that will require 70% of their welfare payments to be spent on the essentials of life like food and clothing and (interrupted)

MADONNA KING: And who polices that?

JENNY MACKLIN: Centrelink.

MADONNA KING: And so does Centrelink staff go shopping with them or how does that work?

JENNY MACKLIN: No, everybody gets a Basics Card and this is what operates right across Perth now. So if you’re income managed because you’ve been neglecting your children you’ll get a Basics Card and you can take that to Woollies or Coles and you can spend it on things that are good for your children but you can’t spend it on alcohol.

MADONNA KING: That’s the compulsory component. I understand there’s also a voluntary component here. Who do you think would willingly take it up?

JENNY MACKLIN: We’ve had quite a few people in Western Australia take it up. Sometimes it’s people who have been, who know someone who was compulsorily income managed and they can see that they’ve got control of their finances. So we’ve had older people, young families, quite a range of different people decide voluntarily to have their welfare payments income managed.

MADONNA KING: What’s the safety net here? What if after all these trials, cutting the welfare income still doesn’t work, how will you ensure children aren’t going hungry, families aren’t evicted because they can’t pay the rent?

JENNY MACKLIN: Of course, families, these families will continue to receive their Family Tax Benefits. One of the reasons that people might be income managed is if they’re not paying their rent. So this would be a way of helping people to organise their finances so that in fact their rent was paid.

MADONNA KING: And just before I let you go, there’s criticism today the welfare changes for single parents where if they have a child between twelve and fifteen they get moved from the parenting payment to the Newstart Allowance and that’s going to leave 50,000 people $56 less a week even if they are fulfilling work requirements. Is that too harsh?

JENNY MACKLIN: I don’t think so. What we’re really saying to parents of teenagers is that we want to help you get back to work and so what we’re doing is providing a lot more support to those single parents of teenagers and we’re also improving the income test so that those parents can keep more of what they earn. So if a parent gets a part time job for example, they’ll be able to keep more of the income they earn rather than losing it.

MADONNA KING: Minister, thank you.

JENNY MACKLIN: No problem.


Mental illness or spiritual illness: what should we call it?

Dr Ross Ingram Memorial Competition Winner

Mental illness or spiritual illness: what should we call it?

Lindy L Moffatt
MJA 2011; 194 (10): 541-542
With permission from my son I am able to tell this story. I have not used his name for privacy reasons.

I would like to dedicate this essay to the many Indigenous people who have passed away in psychiatric hospitals and did not make it home to their families and communities.

“Historical trauma” is defined as the subjective experiencing and remembering of events in the mind of an individual or the life of a community, passed from adults to children in cyclic processes as “collective emotional and psychological injury . . . over the life span and across generations”.1

Iwas raised in a foster family from the age of two, in suburban Brisbane, Queensland, with three of my siblings. I am a proud Aboriginal woman with close family ties across south-east Queensland and the north coast of New South Wales. My mother is from the Wakka Wakka clan group in Cherbourg and Brisbane. My father is from the Gumbaynggir and Dunghutti communities of the north-coast region of New South Wales.

Recently, I arrived in Canberra from Brisbane with my son to take up a Research Fellowship with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. My research is on the question of “Mental health: what treatment options are working for Indigenous peoples?”. I have chosen this topic because of my personal experience as a mother.

The day before we left our home in Margate, a suburb in the north of Brisbane on Moreton Bay, to travel to Canberra, we attended my son’s mental health review tribunal hearing, an event that was life-changing for both of us. My son has suffered from a mental illness (schizophrenia) for many years, which saw him hospitalised for ten-and-a-half years. During this time he was on a forensic order as an involuntary patient, because of crimes he had committed while being unwell. I was expecting to be seeking the tribunal’s permission to take my son interstate for the three months that I would be working. Instead, to our surprise, his forensic order was revoked, meaning he was able to leave Queensland and live wherever he wanted. Overwhelmed by the decision, my son kept repeatedly asking the tribunal panel what it meant for him.

As a mother I have struggled, mostly because I was only seventeen years old when my son was born. Of course, you can never imagine or prepare yourself for the way life can take such a turn some twenty years later. I had lived with my biological mother on and off since I was fifteen, so she took on significant caring responsibilities for my baby, who was her first grandchild. She was very close to him. My mother had also suffered from “mental illness” as a young woman and had been hospitalised (I don’t know how many times). I remember being told about it in quite a negative way. Mum was admitted to what was the “old” Wolston Park Hospital some forty years ago. This hospital was located on the same grounds as the hospital called The Park, Centre for Mental Health, where my son has spent his years. She had grown up in Cherbourg Aboriginal community in Queensland where she spent some of her childhood in the dormitory while her mother travelled away for work. I know she did not have good memories of the dormitory days, as she later shared some stories with me about the abuse that she witnessed and was subjected to in the dormitory. My mother died at the age of fifty-seven from kidney failure caused by diabetes, when my son was only twelve.

What I have read and come to understand about transgenerational trauma within Indigenous communities is that the suffering of individuals and communities from trauma and pain results in many unresolved issues not just for those immediately affected, but for those around them, their families and their descendants, and from what I know about my family history the trauma reaches much further than my mother. Personal experience has left me with no doubt that transgenerational trauma contributed to the mental/spiritual unwellness of both my mother and my son.

After my mother’s death our lives changed dramatically. I was in deep grief. It was difficult to “be there” emotionally, or in any other way, for my son. I felt vulnerable and extremely fragile. The grief was unbearable. It took me to a place that I found hard to come back from, to the point where I thought that I would die from it. At the time part of me wanted to. Fortunately, I did come back, just as my son was about to travel down his own road of self-destruction, which began with bizarre behaviour patterns. At about age fourteen, he started to use drugs — first marijuana, then amphetamines, known on the street as speed.

This is a parent’s nightmare. Drug taking was not something I had experience with, nor did I expect this to be happening to my child. What followed was years of risky behaviour, crime, eventually juvenile detention and then prison! As a mother, the pain of this is beyond imagination: it reaches into the very core of you. When your child is locked away, you are too. I was overcome with feelings of shame and guilt. I felt emotionally, psychologically and spiritually immobilised and trapped within myself. Of course, eventually it took its toll on my mental and physical health, and I was diagnosed with my own life-threatening illnesses. One of the many challenges was dealing with blame from people who were close to me. Some made conscious and unconscious hurtful comments because of their own pain and lack of understanding of my son’s illness.

We also experienced discrimination arising from the general community’s ignorance of mental illness. When going out in public — going shopping, for instance — people would stare, laugh or make comments.

The effects of this trauma are still with me today.

In prison, my son’s mental illness started to become very obvious, through the signs of self-harm, and symptoms of mental unwellness such as crying and responding to voices. Eventually, he was hospitalised and I visited him regularly, took him on leave many times and had him living with me for short periods. Unfortunately, he was so unwell that he would abscond from the hospital, and would run away from me as well. This caused immense anxiety, not only for me and our family and friends, but also for staff at the hospital who were genuinely concerned about his welfare. My son would go missing for days, sometimes weeks, without his medication. The police were, of course, alerted and it was their responsibility to find him, but I would usually locate him before they did, and would then seek help from the Indigenous workers or nurses to return him safely to hospital. This happened on many occasions.

Throughout these years of experience with my son and his illness, there were many moments when I questioned my own thoughts and feelings. I did know, however, that I was experiencing something that was deeply spiritual and unknown. My son’s thin and pale, ghost-like appearance haunted me, and I could feel him detaching from what was real. That is why it was important for me to be around to keep the strong spiritual and emotional bond between us — I knew from a sickening feeling inside me there was a very real risk of losing him through suicide. He was haunted by voices, and would respond by talking to people that he believed were real. Sometimes he was happy and laughing along with them; other times he would be screaming back at them to leave him alone, and would cry in a very mournful way that made me cry as well. I remember all this very vividly, especially the times at night when I would lie awake listening to him talking in another language which I knew to be an Aboriginal language. This did freak me out a little, as he appeared to be having conversations and speaking the language fluently. I thought that I was imagining what I had heard until family members and workers at the hospital told me that they had witnessed him doing the same thing. It was through this experience that I came to know and believe that Indigenous mental illness is also spiritual illness, as it is deeply connected to our spirituality and cultural beliefs. I also believe that this spiritual connection is what helped my son get through his illness to where he is today. A quote from the Schizophrenia Fellowship of NSW newsletter has been helpful in supporting my thoughts around mental–spiritual illness.

Wellbeing is an holistic and collective issue, with specific individual health problems being of little relevance if not considered as part of wider social, spiritual and community health . . . Mental illness or disturbance may be seen as a ‘soreness of the spirit’ caused by loss of social and family networks, destruction of kinship and family, dislocation from ancestral lands and the conflict between tradition and the pressures of trying to exist within and alongside European culture.2

On one very memorable visit to the hospital I sat with the treating psychiatrist to discuss my son’s “progress”. She explained to me that there were “two very sick patients in the hospital at the time, [my son] being one of them”, and that “out of the two, he [was] the most unwell”. In a roundabout way, I guess she was trying to tell me that my son was the sickest patient in the hospital at that moment. To this day I don’t remember how I drove myself home.

During his long hospital stay of over ten years, my son lost elders and friends, mostly Indigenous patients, who passed away in hospital. He dealt with this in his own way, showing courage and strength. The thought was always at the back of my mind that he himself would not survive. I questioned myself all the time as to whether I was in denial of the possibility that he would be institutionalised forever, but remained convinced that it was important to rise above this thinking, and to try to stay positive, and most of all to believe that things can change and be different. My son is now very well, the best he could possibly be. He lives with me full-time and is actively seeking employment.

I have presented at workshops on mental illness in Indigenous communities and received positive responses from people who appreciated honesty and openness in talking about this sensitive area. There is definitely a need for more understanding and education in our communities so people can come together to share and talk openly without any shame or blame. I always tell people that talking about it and seeking help can mean the difference between life or death for a loved one. Through the years, I have always felt very strongly that “someone” was around, guiding me through this time in our lives. I listened to the messages and acted intuitively, particularly when my son was at his most critical times of illness, and the times when he went missing from the hospital. I give many thanks to all the people who were there supporting us on this long journey, such as family, friends, hospital staff and community, who gave us hope and encouragement. If it weren’t for them, I know we would not be here today to tell this story.

This story is difficult to tell because I know that I will be revisiting the trauma, reliving the memories of events that took place, and visualising the images that will forever haunt me. With permission from my son, I wanted to document and share this story in the hope that it may give strength and support to some other family who is going through the same or similar circumstances.

Author details
Lindy L Moffatt, DipCommWelfareWork&Counselling, Indigenous Visiting Research Fellow
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Canberra, ACT.
Atkinson J, Nelson J, Atkinson C. Trauma, transgenerational transfer and effects on community wellbeing. In: Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. Purdie N, Dudgeon P, Walker R, editors. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2010: 138. (accessed Apr 2011).
Schizophrenia Fellowship of NSW Inc. Quality of life. Indigenous: mental illness as understood in Aboriginal communities. 2008. (accessed Apr 2011).
(Received 4 Apr 2011, accepted 19 Apr 2011)


A comparason between Native Title & Land Rights

at last!!!
a good comparison of what is land rights and what is the more insultingly and falsely called native title.
as gary foley and others have said for many years, ‘native title is not land rights’. it does not even come close to real land rights for the traditional owners of our ancient lands.
the major difficulties of comparing the two systems was that mainly it became very very difficult to explain the differences to those who had a limited legal knowledge and/or a more limited understanding of land for the traditional owners. there was a new-age primitivism that clouded many enquiring minds but that eventually brought many conversations to an inconclusive  close. 
the gove case 1972 and heard by j. blackburn found that land rights did not exist when it came to mining claims. then pm billy mcmahon strongly put to parliament that land rights would never exist, hence our tent embassy was formed. whitlam, not satisfied with that outcome then set up the woodward royal commission to look at land rights in the nt. his findings were given to whitlam but the cia-arranged dismissal of whitlam then  allowed fraser, much to his credit, to bring the nt act in. john howard spoke quite strongly against the act being brought in but fraser, quite correctly, ignored his racist and rancid statements  and proceeded. howard never forgave him and i believe howard’s later venal and personal actions led him to grab back the lands of the nt. among other reasons too, of course.
mabo 1992 found for the meriam torres strait islanders and this had a flow-on effect to the mainland land claims. then came the wik people win  in 1996 that found that traditional land owners did not lose their lands to pastoralists and others. howard and his minions were now in power and they went ballistic with the high court decision. the coalition government decided then that the high court could no longer be trusted to continue to back the invaders as they had done so for nearly a hundred years. howard and tim fischer then came up with the infamous and racist 10 point plan to allow for, as they put it, ‘buckets of extinguishment’ against tha aboriginal traditional owners.
with some little change the bill made its way to the senate whereby, because of the then numbers, the final decision was to be made by senator brian harridine and he called on father frank brennan to assist him. two non-aboriginal men, steeped in white christianity, were charged with either rejecting the bill in toto or in attempting to amend the bill by cutting the bill off at its knees. we were calling for complete rejection but our voices would not be heard.
harridine and brennan decided to not consult with those aborigines, including noel pearson who referred to the coalition government as ‘racist scum’, because they did not want a ‘racist election.’ the 10 point plan became the 6 point plan to stop racist elections! these two men have cost aborigines dearly since those days and they continue still to do so. what they did not seem to understand is that for my people, every bloody election is a racist event. especially in the rural areas where land claims are before the tribunal.
governments around the country listened and learned well on how to win on every land claim that came before them, and that was to keep the cases out of the courts and set up negotiating bodies that they could quite easily control. real land rights has been reduced to indigenous land use agreements that now only allow for negotiated agreements that only allows for cultural access but with no ownership of the land or its resources.
we badly need to return to the land rights as a proper human rights procedure. the krudd and gillard governments are more than prepared to continue to steal our birthrights from us. the yorta yorta land claim was naught but a travesty of justice, as so many others have also been. the court found against their cultural continuance on their lands, a complete travesty of natural justice, and then the victorian government of the time recognised enough of their cultural continuance to do a negotiated theft of their lands.
strane thing, white justice. we are never ever allowed to win.
we want rights, not some smoke-and-mirrors theft of what is ours and has been gor more than 60 000 years.
always was, always will be – aboriginal land.

To see comparison document:

ray jackson
indigenous social justice association

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A little about page admin Kaiyu Moura (Bayles)

Now living in QLD raising her children on their traditional country, gathering food, learning the old art of building shelters, dance and the local language. For the past 20 years with her late Grandmother Maureen Watson and a dance group with 6 of her sisters Kaiyu travelled schools, festivals, events etc sharing the beauty of First Nations Culture through song and dance, stories, art, theatre, nursery rhymes, poetry etc and engaging all ages in different projects that inspire positive change. Also a poet, documentary maker, songwriter, artist, event organiser, media consultant, testing the waters of micro social enterprise by starting her own tshirt and sublimation printing business and with her own label, Kaiyu creates what she calls Freedom Threads.

After building their own home on Tribal Sovereign land, Kaiyu is now homeschooling and teaching the kids about making our own tinctures, learning about bushtucker and mushrooms, growing food, building with aircrete, setting up wind turbines, composting toilets and ram water pumps... Really learning what it truly means to thrive. This is our Group where we share alot of what we do

Kaiyu and the Tribe